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 Black Canadian Frameworks

  • The Black Prairie Archives: An Anthology (2020) Edited by Karina Vernon, Associate Professor in the Department of English at UTSC. This volume explores the 220-plus-year history of Black people living on the Prairies through writing. The birthdates of the 60-author collection range from 1840 through to 1990 and help in disrupting a "particular archive of writing" commonly associated with Canadian Prarie literature and the region (p.2). The authors in this collection, "reveal the key role race has played in shaping the prairies as a region, politically, culturally, and ideologically" and offer another set of perspectives and experiences "connected to and transformed by its relation to the black world..." (p.3).
  • Schooling the System: A History of Black Women Teachers (2022) by Funké Aladejebi, Assistant Professor in the Department of History at UTSC "explores the professional lives of ... black female educators between the 1940s and 1980s, using their experiences to explore questions of Canadian citizenship, identity, and belonging" (p.6). The book is divided into five chapters examining the early history of Black women in teacher preparation programs, those entering the profession, their experiences being both visible and invisible as Black women, and the role of activism and resistance during the 1970s and 1980s in Canada.   
  • Theorizing Empowerment: Canadian Perspectives on Black Feminist Thought (2007) edited by Notisha Massaquoi, Assistant Professor in the Department of Health and Society, UTSC, and Njoki Wane, Professor and Chair of the Department of Social Justice Education at OISE. This publication brings together academics, artists, and activists to showcase the diversity of Black women's voices and experiences and the development of a "framework that enables one to articulate the complexities of the lives produced by interactions of race, nationalism, culture, identity, and sexuality" (p. 8). The book is organized into four sections:

1. Black Feminist Spiritualities: Where It All Begins

2. Black Canadian Feminist Histories and Frameworks: Reclaiming Our Place

3. Black Canadian Feminist Experiences and Struggles: Multiple Jeopardy

4. Black Canadian Feminist Discourses and Practices: Organizing for Change

  • "Black Canadian Feminist Thought: Tensions and Possibilities"(2009), by Njoki Nathani Wane, Professor and Chair of the Department of Social Justice Education at OISE examine "on-going research on feminist theorizing among women of African ancestry in Canada" in Race Ethnicity and Education (p.65). Related Reading: "Black Canadian Feminist Thought: Perspectives on Equity and Diversity in the Academy"(2009), by Njoki Nathani Wane in Race Ethnicity and Education
  • "Black People in Canada are not Settlers (2019)," written by Toronto-based lawyer Anthony Morgan considers how labeling Black people as settlers "mischaracterizes the true nature of the land-labour relationship that mediates Indigenous and African peoples' interconnected histories." Related Reading: "Indigenous Peoples and Black People in Canada: Settlers or Allies?" (2009) by Zainab Amadahy and Bonita Lawrence in Breaching the Colonial Contract (2009), edited by Arlo Kempf.
  • The Black Governance & Leadership Project (BGLP) is dismantling systemic anti-Black racism embedded in board and leadership practices, which hinders Black Canadian participation at decision-making tables. BGLP has introduced an Afrocentric lens to governance and leadership, which is detailed in its curriculum and resource section.
  • Black in Canada: 10 Stories represents a partnership between the BBC and photographer Jalani Morgan. It features a collection of conversations taking place in Halifax, Toronto, and Edmonton and the historical Black settlements of Amber Valley and Wildwood in the province of Alberta.
  • Black on the Prairies is a visually stunning, CBC production placing "Blackness in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba at the centre of the country’s story" since the early settlement of African-Americans in the 1900s.
  • Being Black in Canada (2020) is a CBC website inspired by 2013's Being Black in Canada* documentary, produced by  Journalist Asha Tomlinson and Senior Producer Xavine Bryan. *The original 2013 documentary is not available, but the 2014 version has been linked.

Intersectional Frameworks