Project on the Bibliography of

Tense, Verbal Aspect, Aktionsart, and Related Areas


Le (Chinese Aspectual Particle)

©Robert I. Binnick, 2002

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Audry-Iljic, Françoise and Robert Iljic. 1989. "Qui a peur de l'aspect? Pedagogie de lĠaspect en chinois: le cas du suffixe -guo ." [Who's afraid of aspect? Teaching aspect in Chinese: the case of the suffix -guo.] Les langues modernes 83.55-69.

Chang, Vincent. 1986. "The Particle Le in Chinese Narrative Discourse: An Integrative Description." PhD dissertation, University of Florida

Chen, Gwang-tsai. 1979. "The Aspect Markers le, guo, and zhe in Mandarin Chinese." Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 14.27-46.

Egerod, Søren. 1994. "Aspect in Chinese." Carl Bache, Hans Basbøll, Carl-Erik Lindberg (eds.), Tense, Aspect and Action: Empirical and Theoretical Contributions to Language Typology (Proceedings of seminars on Verbal Semantics at Odense University in 1986 and 1987.). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 279-310.

Gu, Yang. 1995. "Aspect Licensing, Verb Movement and Feature Checking." Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale 24.49-83.

Iljic, Robert. 1986. "Les deux [l schwa] du chinois contemporain: aspect et modalité." [The two 'le''s of contemporary Chinese: aspect and modality.] Aspects, modalité: problèmes de catégorisation grammaticale. Paris: Université de Paris VII, 23-39.

Kimura, H. 1983. "Guanyu buyuxing ciwei 'zhe' he ÔleĠ." [Concerning the suffixes -zhe and -le as verbal complements.] Yuwen Yanjiu 2.22-30.

Liu, Ching-Kang. 1993. "Complexity of the English Present Perfect: A Comparative Study between the English Present Perfect and the Mandarin Guo and Le." PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Liu, Hsiao-yiing. 1990. "An Integrated Analysis of Chinese Verbal -le and Clausal le: Relevant Phonological, Syntactic, Semantic, and Discoursal Factors." PhD dissertation.

Liu, Yuehua. 1997. "About Complement and Le." Presented at the 1997 Chinese Language Teachers Association Convention, Nashville, November 20-23.

Mangione, L. and Dingxuan Li. 1993. "A Compositional Analysis of -guo and -le." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 21.65-122.

Melchert, H. Craig. 1980. "Some Aspects of 'Aspect' in Mandarin Chinese." Linguistics 18 (233-34).635-54.

Pan, Haihua. 1993. "Interaction between Adverbial Quantification and Perfective Aspect." Laurel Smith et al. Stvan (eds.), FLSM III: PAPERS FROM THE THIRD ANNUAL MEETING OF THE FORMAL LINGUISTICS SOCIETY OF MID AMERICA. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 266-80.

Rohsenow, John S. 1976. "A Unified Treatment of Lexical, Verbal, and Sentential Aspect in Mandarin Chinese." Proceedings of the Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society 12.523-32.

_____. 1977. "Perfect Le: Aspect and Relative Tense in Mandarin Chinese ." Robert L. Cheng, Li Ying-chi, and Tang Ting-chi (eds.), Proceedings of Symposium on Chinese Linguistics, 1977 Linguistic Institute of the Linguistic Society of America. Taipei: Student Book Co., 267-91. Also in Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 7.142-64 (1977).

Shen, Jialin. 1989. "Le temps et l'aspect en chinois." [Tense and aspect in Chinese.] Langues et Linguistique 15.255-91.

Shi, Ziqiang. 1990. "Decomposition of Perfectivity and Inchoativity and the Meaning of the Particle Le in Mandarin Chinese." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 18.95-123.

Singler, John Victor. 1988. "The Story of O." Studies in Language 12.123-44.

Spanos, George. 1979. "Contemporary Chinese Use of Le: a Survey and a Pragmatic Proposal." Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 14.1.36-70, 2.47-102.

Sybesma, Rint. 1995. "Ge- en le." [Ge- and le.] Tabu: bulletin voor Nederlandse taalkunde 25.198-200.

Wen, Xiaohong. 1995. "Second Language Acquisition of the Chinese Particle 'Le'." Issues in Applied Linguistics 5.45-62.

_____. 1997. "Acquisition of Chinese Aspect: An Analysis of the Interlanguage of Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language ." ITL, Review of Applied Linguistics 117-118.1-26.

Zhang, Ren. 2000. "Event integration, the semantics of the particle le and 'implicit' resultatives in Chinese." Alan K. Melby and Arle R. Lommel (eds.), LACUS Forum XXVI: The Mental Lexicon, 489-500.

Zhou, Xuan. 1996. "The Interaction of Mandarin Aspectual Particles 'guo, le and ze'." Presented at Student Conference in Linguistics, New York University.


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