Project on the Bibliography of

Tense, Verbal Aspect, Aktionsart, and Related Areas


Grounding: Foregrounding

and Backgrounding

©Robert I. Binnick, 2002

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Andreasen, Andrew John. 1981. "Backgrounding and Foregrounding through Aspect in Chinese Narrative Literature." PhD dissertation, Stanford University

Aristar, Anthony and Helen Dry. 1982. "The Origin of Backgrounding Tenses in English." Proceedings of the Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society 18.1-13.

Bakker, Egbert J. 1991. "Foregrounding and Indirect Discourse: Temporal Subclauses in a Herodotean Short Story." Journal of Pragmatics 16.225-47.

Bolkestein, A. Machelt. 1987. "Discourse Functions of Predications: The background/foreground distinction and tense and voice in Latin main and subordinate clauses." Jan Nuyts and Georges de Schutter (eds.), Getting One’s Words into Line: On Word Order and Functional Grammar. Dordrecht: Foris, 163-78.

Carreiras, Manuel, Nuria Carriedo, María Ángeles Alonso, Ángel Fernández. 1997. "The Role of Verb Tense and Verb Aspect in the Foregrounding of Information during Reading." Memory and Cognition 25.438-46.

Chvany, Catherine V. 1984. "Foregrounding, Transitivity, Saliency in Sequential and Nonsequential Prose." Ms., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cf. Chvany (1985).

_____. 1985. "Backgrounded Perfectives and Plot-Line Imperfectives: Towards a Theory of Grounding in Text." Michael S. & Timberlake Flier, Alan (eds.), The Scope of Slavic Aspect. Columbus, Ohio: Slavica, 247-73.

_____. 1985a."Foregrounding, 'Transitivity', Saliency." Essays in Poetics 10.1-27. Cf. Chvany (1984).

_____. 1990. "Verbal Aspect, Discourse Saliency, and the So-called 'Perfect of Result' in Modern Russian." Nils Thelin (ed.), Verbal Aspect in Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 213-35. Reprinted in Yokoyama (1997).

Combettes, Bernard, Jacques François, Colette Noyau, and Co Vet. 1990. "Introduction à l'étude des aspects dans le discours narratif." [Introduction to the study of aspects in narrative discourse.] Verbum 4.5-48.

Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth. 1989. "Foregrounding and Temporal Relations in Narrative Discourse." Alfred Schopf (ed.), Essays on Tensing in English, Vol. II: Time, Text and Modality. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 7-29.

Cyr, Danielle. 1994. "Discourse Morphology: A Missing Link to Cyclical Grammatical Change." William Pagliuca (ed.), Perspectives on Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 171-89.

Depraetere, Ilse. 1996. "Foregrounding in English Relative Clauses." Linguistics 34.699-731.

Dorfmüller-Karpusa, Käthi. 1988. "Temporal and Aspectual Relations as Text-constitutive Elements." J. S. Petöfi (ed.), Text and Discourse Constitution: Empirical Aspects, Theoretical Approaches. Berlin: de Gruyter, 134-69.

Ehrlich, Susan. 1987. "Aspect, Foregrounding and Point of View." Text 7.363-76.

Erdman, Larry and Tim Goring. 1992. "Is It Real? Or Is It Even Realis?" Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 23.107-18.

Fielder, Grace E. 1997. "The Discourse Properties of Verbal Categories in Bulgarian and Implications for Balkan Verbal Categories." Balkanistica 10.162-84.

Fleischman, Suzanne. 1985. "Discourse Functions of Tense-Aspect Oppositions in Narrative: Toward a Theory of Grounding." Linguistics 23.851-82.

Givón, Talmy. 1987. "Beyond Foreground and Background." Russell S. Tomlin (ed.), Coherence and Grounding in Discourse. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 175-88.

Glasbey, S. 1998. "Progressives, states, and backgrounding." Susan Rothstein (ed.), Events and Grammar. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 105-24. Cf. Sheila Glasbey (1993).

Glasbey, Sheila. 1993. "Progressives, Backgrounding and the Events/States Distinction." Events and Grammar Conference, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 28 Oct 1993. Cf. S. Glasbey (1998).

Hartzler, Margaret. 1983. "Mode, Aspect, and Foregrounding in Sentani." Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 14.175-94.

Herring, Susan C. 1993. "Functional Stability in Language Change: The Evolution of Tense and Aspect in Tamil." Studies in Language 17.313-41.

Hopper, Paul J. 1979. "Aspect and Foregrounding in Discourse." Discourse and Syntax, 213-41.

_____. 1979a."Some Observations on the Typology of Focus and Aspect in Narrative Language." Studies in Language 3.37-64. Appeared originally in Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo, ed., Miscellaneous Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, Part III, Jakarta, 1977.

_____. 1982. "Aspect between Discourse and Grammar: An Introductory Essay for the Volume." Paul J. Hopper (ed.), Tense-Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 3-18.

Hopper, Paul J. and Sandra A. Thompson. 1980. "Transitivity in Grammar and Discourse." Language 56.251-299.

Hwang, Shin-Ja J. 1990. "Foreground Information in Narrative." Southwest Journal of Linguistics 9.63-90.

Komlosi, Laszlo I. . 1995. "Grounding Ambiguities in Embedded Clauses in Hungarian: Interacting Levels in Temporal and Causal Inferencing." Istvan Kenesei (ed.), V Approaches to Hungarian. Szeged: Jate, 243-59.

Levinsohn, Stephen H. 1991. "Variations in Tense-Aspect Markers among Inga (Quechuan) Dialects." Mary Ritchie Key (ed.), Language Change in South American Indian Languages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 145-165.

Polanyi, Livia and Paul J. Hopper. 1981. "A Revision of the foreground-background distinction." Presented at Annual Meeting, Linguistic Society of America.

Rauch, Irmengard. 1982. "Uses of the Germanic Past Perfect in Epic Backgrounding." Journal of Indo-European Studies 10.301-14.

Savova, Milena. 1996. "The Bulgarian Evidential: a Pragmatic Extension of the Past Indefinite." Presented at 10th Balkan and South Slavic Conference, Chicago, May 2-4, 1996.

Schoenhals, Alvin. 1979. "Totontepec Mixe Stage and Event Clauses." Discourse Processes 2.57-72.

Spears, Arthur K. 1993. "Foregrounding and Backgrounding in Haitian Creole Discourse." Francis Byrne and Donald Winford (eds.), Focus and Grammatical Relations in Creole Languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 249-265.

Talmy, Leonard. 1978. "Figure and Ground in Complex Sentences." Joseph H. et al. Greenberg (eds.), Syntax. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 625-49.

Thelin, Nils B. 1984. "Coherence, Perspective and Aspectual Specification in Slavic Narrative Discourse." Casper de Groot and Hannu Tommola (eds.), Aspect Bound: A voyage into the realm of Germanic, Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian aspectology (Proceedings from the First Scandinavian Symposium on Aspectology in Vaasa, Aug. 26-28, 1983). Foris, 225-38.

Tomlin, Russell S. 1985. "Foreground-Background Information and the Syntax of Subordination." Text 5.85-122.

Wallace, Stephen. 1982. "Figure and Ground: The Interrelationships of Linguistic Categories." Paul J. Hopper (ed.), Tense-Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 201-23.

Warvik, Brita. 1986. "On Grounding in Narratives." I. Lindblad and M. Ljung (eds.), Proceedings from the Third Nordic Conference for English Studies. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell, 379-93.

Waugh, Linda R. and Monique Monville-Burston. 1985. "Aspect and Discourse Function: The French Simple Past in Newspaper Usage." Language 62.846-77.

Weber, Jean-Jacques. 1983. "The Foreground-background distinction: a survey of its definitions and applications." Language in Literature 8.1-15.

Wilbur, Terence H. 1983. "Grounding in Basque Sentence and Discourse Structure." Shiro Hattori, Kazuko Inoue, Tadao Shimomiya, and Yoshio Nagashima (eds.), Proceedings of the XIIIth International Congress of Linguists, August 29-September 4, 1982, Tokyo: Pub. under Auspices of CIPL (The Hague); Actes du XIIIe cong. internat. des linguistes/Akten des XIII. Internat. Linguistenkongresses/Atti del XIII. cong. internazionale dei linguisti/Dai XIII-kai kokusai gengogakusha kaigi rombunshu. Tokyo: Tokyo Press, 1050-1054.

Youssef, Valerie and James Winford. 1999. "Grounding via Tense-Aspect in Tobagonian Creole: Discourse Strategies across a Creole Continuum ." Linguistics 37 (362).597-624.


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