Project on the Bibliography of

Tense, Verbal Aspect, Aktionsart, and Related Areas


Auxiliary Verbs

©Robert I. Binnick, 2002

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Abusch, Dorit. 1999. "Towards a compositional representation of infinitivals and futurity." Talk at DIP Discourse Colloquium, Computational Linguistics, University of Amsterdam.

Aerts, Willem Johan. 1965. Periphrastica: An Investigation into the Use of e'inai and e’cein as Auxiliaries or Pseudo-Auxiliaries in Greek from Homer up to the Present Day. Amsterdam: A. M. Hakkert.

Akmajian, Adrian, Susan M. Steele, and Thomas Wasow. 1979. "The Category AUX in universal grammar." Linguistic Inquiry 10.1-64.

Andersen, Henning. 1987. "From Auxiliary to Desinence." Martin Harris and Paolo Ramat (eds.), Historical Development of Auxiliaries. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 21-51.

Anderson, Tommy R. 1968. "On the Transparency of Begin: some uses of semantic theory." Foundations of Language 4.394-421.

Åqvist, Lennart and Franz Guenther. 1978. "Fundamentals of a Theory of Verb Aspect and Events within the Setting of an Improved Tense-logic." Franz Guenther and Christian Rohrer (eds.), Studies in Formal Semantics: Intensionality, Temporality, Negation. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 167-99. Ms., 1976.

Arnovick, Leslie Katherine. 1987. "The Modality of Medieval English Futurity." PhD dissertation, University of California at Berkeley.

Austin, Peter. 1998. "'Crow Is Sitting Chasing Them': Grammaticisation and the Verb 'To Sit' in the Mantharta Languages, Western Australia ." Anna Siewierska, and Jae Jung Song (eds.), Case, Typology and Grammar: In Honour of Barry J. Blake. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 19-36.

Avram, Larisa. 1998. "Remarks on the English Modals." University of Maryland Working Papers in Linguistics 6.12-31.

Balazs, J. . 1979. "Die Ungarischen Hilfsverba in osteuropäischer Sicht." [Auxiliary verbs from an East European perspective.] Studia Slavica 25.21-30.

Banks, David, Claude Delmas, Ulrika Dubos, Ronald Flintham, and Wilfrid Rotge. 1997. "Des Anglicistes analysent un emploi du modal 'would' dans un extrait de Therapy de David Lodge." [Some anglicists analyse a use of the modal 'would' in an extract from David Lodge's “Therapy”.] Les langues modernes 91.52-59.

Bennett, Michael. 1977. "A Guide to the Logic of Tense and Aspect in English." Logique et analyse 80.491-517. Reprinted, 1978, in L. Åqvist and F. Guenther, Tense Logic (Louvain: Neuwelaerts), 136-63.

Bennett, Michael and Barbara Partee. 1978. Toward the Logic of Tense and Aspect in English. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club. Revised and extended version of 1972 System Development Corporation (Santa Monica, California) report.

Berman, Ruth A. 1980. "On the Category of Auxiliary in Modern Hebrew." Hebrew Annual Review 4.15-37.

Boertien, Harman S. 1979. "Toward a Unified Semantics of Aspectual Verbs with to and -ing Complements." Proceedings of the Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society 15.45-52.

Bolinger, Dwight. 1983. "The 'Go'-Progressive and Auxiliary-Formation." Frederick B. Agard, Gerald Kelley, Adam Makkai and Valerie Becker Makkai (eds.), Essays in Honor of Charles F. Hockett. Leiden: Brill, 153-67.

Botne, Robert D. 1989. "The Function of the auxiliary -bá in Kinyarwanda." F. Jouannet (ed.), Modèles en tonologie (Kirundie et Kinyarwanda). Paris: CNRS, 247-56.

_____. 1989a."Reconstruction of a Grammaticalized Auxiliary in Bantu." Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 19.169-86.

_____. 1993. "Differentiating the auxiliaries -ti and -va in Tumbuka." Linguistique Africaine 10.7-28.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1985. "From Verb to Aspectualizer: The Semantics of Grammaticalization." Jan Terje Faarlund (ed.), Germanic Linguistics: Papers from a Symposium at the University of Chicago, April 24, 1985. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 29-45.

_____. 1988. The Development of English Aspectual Systems: Aspectualizers and post-verbal particles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Broekhuis, Hans and Kees Van Dijk. 1995. "The Syntactic Function of the Auxiliaries of Time." Marcel Den Dikken, and Kees Hengeveld (eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 1995. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 37-48.

Brugman, Claudia. 1988. "Syntax and Semantics of Have and its Complements." PhD dissertation, University of California at Berkeley.

Burzio, L. 1981. "Intransitive Verbs and Italian Auxiliaries." MIT doctoral dissertation

Bybee, Joan. 1992. "The Semantic Development of Past Tense Modals in English." Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman (eds.), Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 503-17. Presented at the symposium on mood and modality, at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, May 1992.

Cate, Bram ten. 1991. "Funktionsverben als Hilfsverben der Aktionsart?" [Function verbs as auxiliaries of Aktionsart?.] Elisabeth Feldbusch, Reiner Pogarell, and Cornelia Wela (eds.), Neue Fragen der Linguistik: Akten des 25. Linguistischen Kolloquiums, Paderborn 1990. Band 1: Bestand und Entwicklung. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 135-41.

Centineo, Giulia. 1986. "A Lexical Theory of Auxiliary Selection in Italian." Probus 8.223-71. Originally in Davis [California] Working Papers in Linguistics 1 (1986).

Christensen, Lisa U. 1997. "Framtidsuttrycken i svenskans temporala system." [Expressions for the Future in the Swedish Tense System.] PhD dissertation, Lund University.

Claudi, Ulrike. 1988. "The Development of Tense/Aspect Marking in Kru Languages." Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 10.53-77. Review of Marchese (1986).

Coates, Jennifer. 1983. The Semantics of the Modal Auxiliaries. London: Croom Helm.

Coseriu, Eugenio. 1976. Das Romanische Verbalsystem. [The verbal system of Romance.] (Tübinger Beiträge zu Linguistik, 66.)Tuebingen: Gunter Narr. Edited by Hansbert Bertsch.

Cuvalay, Martine. 1994. "Auxiliary Verbs in Arabic." Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen, Lisbeth Falster Jakobsen, and Lone Schack Rasmussen (eds.), FUNCTION AND EXPRESSION IN FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 265-83.

Dale, Ian. 1975. "Tamil Auxiliary Verbs." PhD dissertation, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Dieling, Klaus. 1982. "Das Hilfsverb "werden" als Zeit- und als Hypothesenfunktor." [The auxiliary verb 'werden' ('become') as tense- and hypothesis-functor.] Zeitschrift für Germanistik 3.325-31.

Espunya, Anna. 1998. "On the semantics of the Spanish progressive sequence ir + gerund." Belgian Journal of Linguistics.

Faraclas, Nicholas. 1987. "Creolization and the Tense-Aspect-Modality System of Nigerian Pidgin." Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 9.45-59.

Flank, Sharon. 1995. "Aspectualizers and Scope." PhD dissertation, Harvard University.

Fleischman, Susan. 1995. "Place de la grammaire dans la structuration des évenements dans le récit: Le cas des 'achievements'." [The place of grammar in the structuration of events in narrative: the case of 'achievements'.] Modèles Linguistiques 16.123-43.

Freed, Alice F. 1979. The Semantics of English Aspectual Complementation. (Synthese Language Library, 8.)Dordrecht: Reidel. University of Pennsylvania doctoral dissertation, 1976.

Fridén, G. 1957. "On the Use of Auxiliaries to Form the Perfect and the Pluperfect in Late Middle English and Early Modern English." Studia Linguistica 11.54-56.

Gallagher, M. 1969. "Have and the Perfect in English." PhD dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana.

Garasharly, Ch. M. 1979. "Dzhenub-gerb grupu turk dillerinde fe'li baghlama ve kfmekchi fe'lden ibaret terz birleshmeleri." [Usage of Aspectual Constructions Composed of Adverbs and Auxiliary Verbs in the Southwestern Turkic Languages.] Izvestija akademii nauk azerbaidzhanskoj SSR, Literatura, jazyk i iskusstvo 2.70-75.

García, E. 1967. "Auxiliaries and the Criterion of Simplicity." Language 43.853-70.

Gardette, P. 1943. "Vouloir, auxiliaire du futur." [Vouloir 'want', future auxiliary.] Le français moderne, 62-63.

Gebert, Lucyna. 1992. "L’ Aspect 'parfait' en langues slaves." [The 'perfect' aspect in Slavic languages.] Études de linguistique romane et slave. Cracow: Wyzýsza Szkola Pedagogiczna w Krakowie/”Universitas”, 213-22.

Ghomeshi, Jila. 1991. "The Semantics of the Bengali Verb fela." Canadian Journal of Linguistics 36.337-61.

Giorgi, Alessandra and Fabio Pianesi. 1991. "Syntactic Constraints on Temporal Representations: Evidence from Italian and Latin ." Proceedings of the Eastern States Conference on Linguistics 8.109-20.

Giusti, Francesca Fici and Denis Paillard. 1997. "L' Inchoation en russe: entre auxiliaires et préverbes." [Inchoation in Russian: between auxiliaries and preverbs.] Presented at Second Chronos Conference, Annual Conference of the Linguistic Society of Belgium, Institut Libre Marie Haps (Brussels), 9-11 January 1997.

Goeringer, Keith. 1995. "The Motivation of Pluperfect Auxiliary Tense in the Primary Chronicle." Russian Linguistics 19.319-32.

Green, Katherine . 1995. "On the Evolution and Status of the Copula in Iberian-Based Creoles ." CUNY [City University of New York] Forum: Papers in Linguistics 19.65-79.

Guéron, Jacqueline. 2000. "Tense Interpretation and the Argument Structure of Auxiliaries." Table ronde internationale: Syntaxe du temps et de l'aspect, Université de Paris 7, 15-18 November 2000.

Haegeman, L. 1983. Semantics of 'Will' in Present-day British English. Brussels: Paleis der Academien.

Haegeman, L. M. V. 1983. The Semantics of Will in Present-Day British English: a Unified Account. Brussels: Verhandelingen van de koninklijke academie voor wetenschappen. Cf. 1982 PhD dissertation, The Use of Will and the Expression of Futurity in Present-Day British English.

Hamblin, C. L. 1971. "Starting and Stopping." E. Freeman and W. Sellars (eds.), Basic issues in the Philosophy of Time. Open Court, 86-101.

Heine, Bernd. 1991. "Auxiliaries in African Languages: the Lingala case." Kathleen Hubbard (ed.), Special Session on African Language Structures: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Berkeley, California: Berkeley Linguistics Society, 106-09.

_____. 1995. "On the German werden future." Werner Abraham, Talmy Givon, and Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), Discourse Grammar and Typology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 119-38.

Hendrikse, A. P. and S. N. L. Mkhatshwa. 1993. "The Metaphorical Basis of Zulu Auxiliaries." South African Journal of African Languages 13.114-21.

Heny, Frank and Barry Richards. 1983. Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles; Volume 2: The Scope, Order, and Distribution of English Auxiliary Verbs. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.

Herring, Susan C. 1989. "Aspectogenesis in South Dravidian: On the Origin of the 'Compound Continuative' KONTIRU." Henk Aertsen and Robert J. Jeffers (eds.), HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS 1989. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 167-185.

Hirtle, Walter and Claude Begin. 1990. "To Be in the Progressive: A New Use ." Canadian Journal of Linguistics 35.1-11.

Hofmann, Th. 1969. "Transformation de remplacement du constituant 'Passé' et ses rapports avec le système modal de l’anglais." [The past replacement transformation and its relationship with the modal system of English .] Langages 14.28-43.

Huddleston, Rodney. 1980. "On Palmer's Defense of the Distinction between Auxiliaries and Main Verbs." Lingua 50.101-15.

Huddleston, Rodney D. 1974. "Further Remarks on the Analysis of Auxiliaries as Main Verbs." Foundations of Language 11.215-29.

Huffman, Alan. 1977. "Traditional Grammar vs. the French Verb: a study of the French compound verb tense auxiliaries avoir and être." Columbia University Working Papers in Linguistics 4.79-126.

Inoue, Ryoji. 1959. "On the Expression of 'Start-ing' vs. ‘Start To’." Anglica 4.94-101.

Issatchenko, A. 1940. "Tense and Auxiliary Verbs with special reference to Slavic Languages." Language 16.189-98.

Ivir, Vladimir. 1976. "On the Syntax and Semantics of the Verb 'Begin'." Studia Romanica et Anglica Zagrabiensia 41-42.43-50.

Janssen, Theo A. J. M. 1989. "Die Hilfsverben werden (deutsch) und zullen (niederländisch): modal oder temporal?." [The auxiliary verbs werden (German) and zullen (Dutch): modal or temporal?.] Werner Abraham and T. Janssen (eds.), Tempus&emdash;Aspekt&emdash;Modus: Die lexicalischen und grammatischen Formen in den Germanischen Sprachen. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 65-84.

_____. 1994. "Preterit and Perfect in Dutch." Co Vet and Carl Vetters (eds.), Tense and Aspect in Discourse. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 115-46.

Johnson, Mayumi Yuki. 1994. "Japanese Modality: A Study of Modal Auxiliaries, Conditionals, and Aspectual Categories." PhD dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Joüon, P. 1939. "Qe'lein en sens de 'être en point de’." [Thélein in the sense of 'be about to'.] Rech. de Science Relig., 620-21.

Kellogg, Kim. 1990. "The Use of Auxiliary Verbs in Jamul Diegueno." Margaret Langdon (ed.), Papers from the 1990 Hokan-Penutian Languages Workshop Held at University of California, San Diego June 22-23, 1990.. Carbondale: Department of Linguistics, Southern Illinois University, 32-42.

_____. 1991. "Regarding the Meaning and Function of the Auxiliary Verb Paa in Jamul Diegueno." James E. Redden (ed.), Papers from the American Indian Languages Conferences Held at the University of California, Santa Cruz, July and August 1991. Carbondale: Department of Linguistics, Southern Illinois University, 80-91.

Kempchinsky,Paula . 1995. "Perfective Auxiliaries, Possession and Existence in Romance." Karen Zagona (ed.), Grammatical Theory and Romance Languages. Amsterdam : John Benjamins, 135-44.

Keniston, Hayward. 1936. "Verbal Aspect in Spanish." Hispania 19.163-76.

Kotin, Michail L. 1997. "Die Analytischen Formen und Fugungen im deutschen Verbalsystem: Herausbildung und Status (unter Berucksichtigung des Gotischen)." [Analytical forms and conjugations in the German verb system: formation and status (with reference to Gothic).] Sprachwissenschaft 22.479-500.

Krapova, Ilyana. 1996. "Auxiliaries and Compound Tenses in Bulgarian." Trondheim Working Papers in Linguistics. Presented 1995 at First Conference on Formal Approaches to South Slavic Languages, Plovdiv.

Kratzer, Angelika. 1977. "What 'Must' and 'Can' Must and Can Mean." Linguistics and Philosophy 1.337-55.

Kuteva, Tania. 1998. "Large Linguistic Areas in Grammaticalization: Auxiliation in Europe." Language Sciences 20.289-311.

Kypriotaki, L. 1974. "Acquisition of AUX." Papers and Reports on Child Language Development 8.87-103.

Lamiroy, Beatrice. 1987 . "The Complementation of Aspectual Verbs in French." Language 62.278-98.

Langacker, Ronald W. 1978. "The Form and Meaning of the English Auxiliary." Language 54.853-82.

Leblanc, Annie. 1989. "Le statut syntaxique des adverbes de temps en créole haïtien." [The syntactic status of adverbs of time in Haitian Creole.] Revue Québecoise de Linguistique 18.41-63.

Leech, Geoffrey N. 1971. Meaning and the English Verb. London: Longmans.

Leirbukt, Oddleif. 1988. "Über Zeitreferenz und Modalitätsart ('subjektiv'/‘objektiv’) in deutschen Modalverbkonstruktionen." [On time reference and types of modality ('subjective/objective') in German.] John-Ole Askedal, Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen, and Kurt-Erich Schondorf (eds.), Gedenkschrift für Ingerid Dal. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 168-181.

Lejkina, B. M. 1958. "Infinitiv i gerundij pri glagolax nachinatel'nosti." [The infinitive and the gerund with verbs of beginning.] Uchenie zapiski Leningradskogo ordena Lenina gosudarstvennogo Universiteta im. A. A. Zhdanova 233.17-42.

Lema, José. 1994. "Tiempo y aspecto, correlatos sintácticos y semánticos: Los auxiliares ser y estar." [Tense and aspect, syntactic and semantic correlates: the auxiliaries ser and estar.] Alegría Alonso, Beatriz Garza, and Jose A. Pascual (eds.), II encuentro de linguistas y filologos de Espaõa y México. Salamanca: Junta de Castilla y Leon, Consejeria de Cultura y Turismo & Universidad Salamanca, 425-42.

Letoublon, F. 1982. "Les verbes de mouvement en grec: de la metaphore a l'auxiliarité?." [Verbs of motion in Greek: from metaphor to auxiliarity?.] Glotta 60.178-196.

Létoublon, Françoise. 1992. "Le déixis spatio-temporelle et le système verbal: le cas du grec ancien." [Spatio-temporal deixis and the verbal system: the case of Ancient Greek.] Mary-Annick Morel and Laurent Danon-Boileau (eds.), La Déixis: COLLOQUE EN SORBONNE 8-9 JUIN 1990. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 265-76.

Lie, Svein. 1989. "Vaere som hjelpeverb i perfektum." [?.] Maal og Minne 3-4.161-94.

Lindeberg, Ann Charlotte. 1995. "Tenses, Modals, and Rhetorical Structuring in Research Articles in Finance, Management and Marketing: An Exploratory Study of Introductions." Anglicana Turkuensia 14.361-69.

Loflin, Marvin D., Nicholas J. Sobin, and J. L. Dillard. 1973. "Auxiliary Structures and Time Adverbs in Black American English." American Speech 48.22-28.

Luján, M. 1981. "The Spanish Copulas as Aspectual Indicators." Lingua 54.165-210.

Makino, Seiichi. 1970. "An Analysis of Japanese 'Begin'." Papers in Linguistics 3.375-400.

Makiuchi, Masaru. 1972. "A Study of some Auxiliary Verbs in Japanese." [PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana.] PhD dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana.

Marchese, Lynell. 1986. Tense/Aspect and the Development of Auxiliaries in Kru Languages: Summer Institute of Linguistics, Publications in Linguistics. (78.)Arlington, Texas: Summer institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington. Reviewed by Claudi (1986).

Marquèse-Pouey, L. 1955. "L’ auxiliaire aller dans l'expression du passé en gascon." [The auxiliary aller 'go' in the expression of the past in Gascon.] Annales publiées par la Faculté des Lettres de Toulouse 4.111-21.

Martin, Louis. 1956. "De l'emploi du verbe vouloir pour marquer le futur en Franche-Comté." [On the use of the verb vouloir 'will' to mark the future in Franche-Comté.] Le français moderne 24.204.

McCawley, James D. 1975. "The Category Status of English Modals." Foundations of Language 12.597-601.

Mellor, Martin David. 1995. "Aspects of Aspectual Verbs in English and Russian." PhD dissertation, University of Edinburgh.

Mitchell, J. 1971. "A Study in Diachronic Syntax: The auxiliary from Old English to Modern English." PhD dissertation, university of iowa.

Mufwene, Salikoko S. . 1994. "On the Status of Auxiliary Verbs in Gullah." American Speech 69.58-70.

Nef, F. 1980. "Les Verbes aspectuels en français: remarques sémantiques et esquisse d'un traitement formel." [Aspectual verbs in French: semantic remarks and a sketch of a formal treatment.] Semantikos 4.11-46.

Newmeyer, Frederick J. 1969. "Underlying Structure of Begin-verbs." Proceedings of the Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society 5.195-204.

_____. 1975. English Aspectual Verbs. (Janua Linguarum, Series Practica, 203.)The Hague: Mouton.

Nicolle, Steve. 1997. "A Relevance-Theoretic Account of Be Going To." Journal of Linguistics 33.355-77.

Norrick, Neal R. 1976. "Begin Again." Christopher Gutknecht (ed.), Contemporary English: Occasional papers. Frankfurt: Lang, 119-28.

Ogura, Michiko. 1997. "On the Beginning and Development of the Begin to Construction." Jacek Fisiak and Werner Winter (eds.), Studies in Middle English Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 403-28.

Ouhalla, J. 1990. "Sentential Negation, Relativized Minimality and the Aspectual Status of Auxiliaries." The Linguistic Review 7.183-231.

Pak, Dong-Ho. 1996. "À propos des propriétes syntaxiques et sémantiques des verbes aspectuels du coréen." [On the syntactic and semantic properties of Korean aspectual verbs.] Revue québecoise de linguistique 24.125-49.

Palmer, F. R. 1979. Modality and the English Modals. London: Longman.

_____. 1979a."Why Auxiliaries are Not Main Verbs." Lingua 47.1-25.

Parisi, Carole. 1992. "Descriptive Semantics and Syntax of Modern Spanish estar Progressives." PhD dissertation, University of Michigan.

Passoneau, Rebecca J. 1988. "A Computational Model of the Semantics of Tense and Aspect." Computational Linguistics 14.44-60.

Perlmutter, David M. 1970. "The Two Verbs Begin." Roderick A. Jabocs and Peter S. Rosenbaum (eds.), Readings in English transformational grammar. Waltham, Massachusetts: Ginn, 107-19.

_____. 1989. "Multiattachment and the Unaccusative Hypothesis: The Perfect Auxiliary in Italian." Probus 1.63-119.

Peterson, Thomas H. 1974. "Auxiliaries." Language Sciences 30.1-12.

Pinkster, H. 1989. "Some methdodological remarks on research on future tense auxiliaries in Latin." G. Calboli (ed.), Subordination and Other Topics in Latin: Proceedings of the Third Colloquium on Latin Linguistics, Bologna, 1-5 April 1985. Amsterdam, 311-26.

Plungian, Vladimir A. 1999. "A typology of phasal meanings." Werner Abraham and Leonid Kulikov (eds.), Tense-Aspect, Transitivity and Causativity: Essays in Honour of Vladimir Nedjalkov. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 311-21.

Pullum, G. and D. Wilson. 1977. "Autonomous Syntax and the Analysis of Auxiliaries." Language 53.741-88.

Qin, Yuxiang. 1994. "Meanings, Semantic Characteristics and Tenses of English Modal Verbs." [In Chinese.] Waiguoyu 2 (90).37-44.

Quesada, J. Diego. 1994. Periphrastische Aktionsart im Spanischen: Das Verhalten einer Kategorie der übergangszone. [Periphrastic Aktionsart in Spanish: the behaviour of a category of the transition zone (?).] Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Rauhut, Frank. 1986. "Have: Semantik, Syntax und Funktionale Charakteristik eines Verbs." [Have: the semantics, syntax, and functional characterization of a verb.] Linguistische Studien, Reihe A: Arbeitsberichte 137.1-137.

Riddle, Elizabeth and Philip Tedeschi. 1974. "Some Aspects of Temporal Aspectual Predicates." Presented at Annual Meeting, Linguistic Society of America.

Rigter, Bob. 1988. "English Tenses, Auxiliaries and Main Verbs, and the Construction of Chronologies in Discourse Domains." Veronika Ehrich and Heinz Vater (eds.), Temporalsemantik: Beiträge zur Linguistik der Zeitreferenz. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 260-307.

Rigter, G. H. [Bob]. 1982. "Intensional Domains and the Use of Tense, Perfect and Modals in English." Journal of Semantics 1.95-145.

Roberge, P. 1997. "Perfect Auxiliary Reduction in Afrikaans." ICHL talk

Rochette, Anne. 1993. "À propos des restrictions de sélection de type aspectuel dans les completives infinitives du français." [Regarding restrictions on the selection of aspectual type in the completive infinitives of French.] Langue Française 100.67-82.

Ross, John R. 1969. "Auxiliaries as Main Verbs." William Todd (ed.), Studies in Philosophical Linguistics, Series One. Evanston, Illinois: Great Expectations, 77-102.

_____. 1972. "More on Begin." Foundations of Language 8.574-7.

Rotgé, Wilfrid. 1993. "Quel avenir pour le futur?" [Which future for the future (tense)?.] Jean-Rémi Lapaire and Wilfrid Rotge (eds.), Séminaire pratique de linguistique anglaise. Toulouse: Presses Universitaires du Mirail, 155-71.

Salixov, M. 1978. "Slozhnye formy s glagolom xvastan v rannenovopersidskom jazyke (po 'Istorii Beykhaki')." [Complex forms of the verb khvastan in Early Modern Persian (taken from The Story of Beykhaki).] Vestnik leningradskogo universiteta, Istorija--jazykoznanie--literaturovedenie 33.144-46.

Saltveit, Laurits. 1962. Studien zum deutschen Futur: Die Fügungen werden mit der Partizip der Präsens und werden mit der Infinitive in ihren heutigen Funktionen und in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung. [Studies on the German future: The combination werden 'become' with the participle and werden with the infinitive in their present-day functions and in their historical development.] (Årbok for Univ. i Bergen, Humanistik serie, 2.)Bergen, Oslo: Norwegian Universities Press.

Saurer, Werner. 1984. A Formal Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Aktionsarten. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club. 1981, PhD dissertation, University of Pittsburgh

Schlupp, Daniel. 1997. Modalités prédicatives, modalités aspectuelles et auxiliaires en créole à base lexicale française de la Guyane française, XVIIIe-XXe siècles. [Predicative modalities, aspectual modalities, and auxiliaries in French-based creoles in French Guiana, 18th-20th centuries.] (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie, 283.)Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Schneider, Edgar W. . 1983. "Diachronic Development of the Black English Perfective Auxiliary Phrase, The ." Journal of English Linguistics 16.55-64.

Schneider, Roland. 1968. "Zu den Hilfsverben des Tempus und Aspekts im Spätmitteljapanischen." [On the auxiliary verbs of tense and aspect in Late Middle Japanese.] Nachrichten der Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens.

Schogt, Henry G. 1968. "Les Auxiliaires en français." [The auxiliaries in French.] La Linguistique 2.5-19.

Seuren, Pieter A. M. 1983. "The Auxiliary System in Sranan." F. Heny and B. Richards (eds.), Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles. Dordrecht: Reidel, 219-51.

Shannon, Thomas F. 1988. "Perfect Auxiliary Variation as a Function of Aktionsart and Transitivity." Proceedings of the Western Conference on Linguistics, 254-66.

Shannon, Thomas F. 1990. "Unaccusative Hypothesis and the History of the Perfect Auxiliary in Germanic and Romance." Henning Andersen and Konrad Koerner (eds.), Historical Linguistics 1987: Papers from the 8th International Conference on Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam : John Benjamins, 461-88.

_____. to appear. "Explaining Perfect Auxiliary Variation: some modal and aspectual effects in the history of Germanic." Shaun Hughes and Joseph Salmons (eds.), Current Issues in Germanic Linguistics: Papers from the Third Symposium on Germanic Linguistics . Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Shibatani, Masayoshi. 1973. "Where Morphology and Syntax Clash: A Case Study of Japanese Aspectual Verbs." Gengo Kenkyuþ 64.65-96.

Shinzato, Rumiko. 1986. "An Epistemological Approach to Past Tense Auxiliaries in Okinawan." Papers in Linguistics 19.155-72.

_____. 1991. "Epistemic Properties of Temporal Auxiliaries: A Case Study from Okinawan, Japanese, and Old Japanese ." Linguistics 29.53-77.

Shtejnberg, N. M. 1958. "Ob odnom znachenii sochetanija aller + infinitiv vo frantsuzskom jazyke." [On a certain signification of the verbal periphrasis aller + infinitive in French.] Uchenie zapiski Leningradskogo ordena Lenina gosudarstvennogo Universiteta im. A. A. Zhdanova 232.56-64.

Singler, John Victor. 1987. "Where Did Liberian English Na Come From?" English World-Wide 8.69-95.

Slattery, H. 1981. Auxiliary Verbs in Zulu. Grahamstown: Department of African Languages, Rhodes University.

Smith, Carlota S. 1975. "A New Look at Auxiliary Have in English." Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, Northeastern Linguistic Society 6.213-24.

_____. 1976. A Theory of Auxiliary Have in English. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

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