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Philosophy

Faculty List

  • W.C. Graham, M.A., Ph.D. (Toronto), Professor Emeritus
  • B. Hellie, B.A. (Stanford), Ph.D. (Princeton), Associate Professor
  • K. Hübner, B.A. (Williams), M.A. (Warwick), Ph.D. (Chicago), Associate Professor
  • W. Hussain, B.A. (Princeton), Ph.D. (Harvard), Assistant Professor
  • P.A. Kremer, B.Sc. (Toronto), Ph.D. (Pittsburgh), Professor
  • L.M. Lange, B.A., M.A. (Manitoba), Ph.D. (Toronto), Professor Emerita
  • J. Nefsky, B.A. (McMaster), Ph.D. (Berkeley), Assistant Professor
  • W.E. Seager, M.A. (Alberta), Ph.D. (Toronto), Professor
  • S. Sedivy, B.A. (Toronto), Ph.D. (Pittsburgh), Associate Professor
  • J. Wilson, B.A. (U.C. San Diego), Ph.D. (Cornell), Associate Professor

Program Supervisor: S. Sedivy Email: philosophy-program-supervisor@utsc.utoronto.ca

Philosophy is the study of the ideas that shape our thought and activity. While we do discuss controversial issues in politics, morality, science, religion, art, etc., philosophy is more concerned with the ideas that underlie all such debates. We consider what the role of government should be, what reasons there could be to describe anything as good or bad, what proves that something is true, whether there could be a reality beyond the physical world, and whether the only value of art is the pleasure it gives. Such questions have been answered in a variety of theories, and any study in philosophy begins with learning what others have thought; but our purpose is not primarily to be historians of ideas, and assignments focus on developing the intellectual abilities and techniques required to think effectively for oneself at this deeper level. Therefore, philosophy emphasizes interpretation and original thought, reasoning, discussion and assessment.

PHLA10H3 and PHLA11H3 are a survey of the main topic-areas of philosophy. They are recommended both as courses of general interest and as an introduction to the Major and Specialist Programs.

B-level courses address specific topics such as theories of human nature, theories of mind, theories of knowledge, metaphysics, techniques of argumentation, ethics, politics, feminism, and art as well as specific periods in the History of Philosophy. Since they have no prerequisites they also serve as entry-points to philosophy.

C-level seminars in Philosophy are advanced courses for students with typically 1.5 credits in Philosophy. (Instructors will admit students whose courses have adequately prepared them for a seminar. Students must provide transcripts when requesting special permission to enrol in a seminar.)

D-level seminars in Philosophy are advanced courses for students with 3.5 credits in philosophy including 1.0 credits at the C-level. (Instructors will admit students whose courses have adequately prepared them for a seminar. Students must provide transcripts when requesting special permission to enroll in a seminar.)

D-level independent study courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior agreement of an instructor. 

Guidelines for 1st year course selection
Students who intend to complete a Philosophy program should include PHLA10H3 and PHLA11H3 in their 1st year course selection. Students are also strongly encouraged to take ACMA01H3 as early as possible in their studies.

Philosophy Programs

SPECIALIST PROGRAM IN PHILOSOPHY (ARTS)

Program Supervisor: W. Seager Email: philosophy-program-supervisor@utsc.utoronto.ca

Program Requirements

Students must complete at least 12.0 credits in Philosophy including PHLB50H3 Symbolic Logic I or PHLB55H3 Puzzles and Paradoxes, and at least 5.0 credits at the C- or D-level of which 1.0 must be at the D-level. MATC09H3 can be used as a Philosophy course for these purposes. Students are encouraged, though not required, to complete at least 0.5 credit as a reading course at the D-level. 

NotePHLB99H3 Writing for Philosophy, is strongly recommended for the Philosophy Specialist and Major programs and is important preparation for advanced C- and D-level studies in Philosophy.

MAJOR PROGRAM IN PHILOSOPHY (ARTS)

Program Supervisor: S. Sedivy Email: philosophy-program-supervisor@utsc.utoronto.ca

Program Requirements
Students must complete at least 7.0 credits in Philosophy including PHLB50H3 Symbolic Logic 1 or PHLB55H3 Puzzles and Paradoxes and at least 3.0 credits must be at the C- or D-level. MATC09H3 can be used as a Philosophy course for these purposes. 

Note: PHLB99H3 Writing for Philosophy, is strongly recommended for the Philosophy Specialist and Major programs and is important preparation for advanced C- and D-level studies in Philosophy.

MINOR PROGRAM IN PHILOSOPHY (ARTS)

Program Supervisor: S. Sedivy Email: philosophy-program-supervisor@utsc.utoronto.ca

Program Requirements
Students must complete 4.0 credits in Philosophy of which at least 1.0 credit must be at the C- or D-level. MATC09H3 can be used as a Philosophy course for these purposes.

Philosophy Courses


PHLA10H3    Reason and Truth

An introduction to philosophy focusing on issues of rationality, metaphysics and the theory of knowledge. Topics may include: the nature of mind, freedom, the existence of God, the nature and knowability of reality. These topics will generally be introduced through the study of key texts from the history of philosophy.

Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLA11H3    Introduction to Ethics

Ethics is concerned with concrete questions about how we ought to treat one another as well as more general questions about how to justify our ethical beliefs. This course is an introduction that both presents basic theories of ethics and considers their application to contemporary moral problems.

Exclusion: PHL275H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB02H3    Environmental Ethics

This course examines ethical issues raised by our actions and our policies for the environment. Do human beings stand in a moral relationship to the environment? Does the environment have moral value and do non-human animals have moral status? These fundamental questions underlie more specific contemporary issues such as sustainable development, alternative energy, and animal rights.

Exclusion: PHL273H
Recommended Preparation: PHLA11H3
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB03H3    Philosophy of Art

An examination of challenges posed by the radical changes and developments in modern and contemporary art forms. For example, given the continuously exploding nature of art works, what do they have in common - what is it to be an artwork?

Exclusion: PHL285H
Breadth Requirement: Arts, Literature & Language

PHLB04H3    Philosophy and Literature

This course examines some of the classic problems concerning literary texts, such as the nature of interpretation, questions about the power of literary works and their relationship to ethical thought, and problems posed by fictional works - how can we learn from works that are fictional and how can we experience genuine emotions from works that we know are fictional?

Breadth Requirement: Arts, Literature & Language

PHLB05H3    Social Issues

An examination of contemporary or historical issues that force us to consider and articulate our values and commitments. The course will select issues from a range of possible topics, which may include globalization, medical ethics, war and terrorism, the role of government in a free society, equality and discrimination.

Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences

PHLB06H3    Business Ethics

An examination of philosophical issues in ethics, social theory, and theories of human nature as they bear on business. What moral obligations do businesses have? Can social or environmental costs and benefits be calculated in a way relevant to business decisions? Do political ideas have a role within business?

Exclusion: MGSC14H3/(MGTC59H3), PHL295H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB07H3    Ethics

What is the difference between right and wrong? What is 'the good life'? What is well-being? What is autonomy? These notions are central in ethical theory, law, bioethics, and in the popular imagination. In this course we will explore these concepts in greater depth, and then consider how our views about them shape our views about ethics.

Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB09H3    Biomedical Ethics

This course is an examination of moral and legal problems in medical practice, in biomedical research, and in the development of health policy. Topics may include: concepts of health and disease, patients' rights, informed consent, allocation of scarce resources, euthanasia, risks and benefits in research and others.

Exclusion: PHL281H, (PHL281Y)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB11H3    Philosophy of Law

A discussion of right and rights, justice, legality, and related concepts. Particular topics may include: justifications for the legal enforcement of morality, particular ethical issues arising out of the intersection of law and morality, such as punishment, freedom of expression and censorship, autonomy and paternalism, constitutional protection of human rights.

Exclusion: PHL271H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB12H3    Philosophy of Sexuality

Philosophical issues about sex and sexual identity in the light of biological, psychological and ethical theories of sex and gender; the concept of gender; male and female sex roles; perverse sex; sexual liberation; love and sexuality.

Exclusion: PHL243H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB13H3    Philosophy and Feminism

What is feminism? What is a woman? Or a man? Are gender relations natural or inevitable? Why do gender relations exist in virtually every society? How do gender relations intersect with other social relations, such as economic class, culture, race, sexual orientation, etc.?

Exclusion: PHL267H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB17H3    Introduction to Political Philosophy

This course will introduce some important concepts of and thinkers in political philosophy from the history of political philosophy to the present. These may include Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, G.W.F. Hegel, John Stuart Mill, or Karl Marx. Topics discussed may include political and social justice, liberty and the criteria of good government.

Exclusion: PHL265H, (POLB71H3); in addition, PHLB17H3 may not be taken after or concurrently with POLB72H3
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB20H3    Belief, Knowledge, and Truth

An examination of the nature of knowledge, and our ability to achieve it. Topics may include the question of whether any of our beliefs can be certain, the problem of scepticism, the scope and limits of human knowledge, the nature of perception, rationality, and theories of truth.

Exclusion: (PHL230H)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB30H3    Existentialism

A study of the views and approaches pioneered by such writers as Kierkegaard, Husserl, Jaspers, Heidegger and Sartre. Existentialism has had influence beyond philosophy, impacting theology, literature and psychotherapy. Characteristic topics include the nature of the self and its relations to the world and society, self-deception, and freedom of choice.

Exclusion: PHL220H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB31H3    Introduction to Ancient Philosophy

A survey of some main themes and figures of ancient philosophical thought, concentrating on Plato and Aristotle. Topics include the ultimate nature of reality, knowledge, and the relationship between happiness and virtue.

Exclusion: PHL200Y, PHL202H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB33H3    God, Self, World

For many philosophers "God" is a central concept because it signifies the fundamental cause of the universe, even Nature as a whole. Is God just this first cause, or also a benevolent agent? Can we have an idea of God? Can we prove the existence of God? Texts by Plato, Aristotle, Anselm, Hobbes, Pascal, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, Gödel.
Recommended preparation: PHLA10H3 or PHLA11H3

Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB35H3    Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy

This course covers the major figures and themes in seventeenth and eighteenth century philosophy. Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Berkeley, and Hume will be covered. Metaphysical and epistemological themes will be emphasized.

Exclusion: PHL210Y
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB50H3    Symbolic Logic I

An introduction to formal, symbolic techniques of reasoning. Sentential logic and quantification theory (or predicate logic), including identity will be covered. The emphasis is on appreciation of and practice in techniques, for example, the formal analysis of English statements and arguments, and for construction of clear and rigorous proofs.

Exclusion: PHL245H
Breadth Requirement: Quantitative Reasoning

PHLB55H3    Puzzles and Paradoxes

Philosophy often begins with a puzzle or paradox. Zeno once convincingly argued that motion was impossible, but people continue to move. The "liar's paradox" seems to show that everything is both true and false, but that cannot be right. In this course, we will puzzle through these and related issues.

Breadth Requirement: Quantitative Reasoning

PHLB60H3    Introduction to Metaphysics

A consideration of problems in metaphysics: the attempt to understand 'how everything fits together' in the most general sense of this phrase. Some issues typically covered include: the existence of God, the nature of time and space, the nature of mind and the problem of the freedom of the will.

Exclusion: (PHL231H)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB81H3    Theories of Mind

An examination of questions concerning the nature of mind. Philosophical questions considered may include: what is consciousness, what is the relation between the mind and the brain, how did the mind evolve and do animals have minds, what is thinking, what are feelings and emotions, and can machines have minds.

Exclusion: PHL240H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB91H3    Theories of Human Nature

An exploration of theories which provide answers to the question 'What is a human being?', answers that might be summarized with catchphrases such as: 'Man is a rational animal,' 'Man is a political animal,' 'Man is inherently individual,' 'Man is inherently social,' etc. Authors studied are: Aristotle, Hobbes, Rousseau, Darwin, Marx, Freud and Sartre.

Exclusion: PHL244H, (PHLC91H3)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLB99H3    Writing for Philosophy

Philosophical writing emphasizes clear reasoning. Students will learn to analyze texts, to discern and assess argument structure, and to develop techniques for writing a clear well-argued analysis of a subject matter. These key writing skills lie at the core of philosophical method and they are also applicable across subject areas and disciplines. This course is strongly recommended for philosophy specialists and majors, open to philosophy minors, and open to all other students by permission of the instructor.

Prerequisite: 0.5 credit in PHL courses, excluding [PHLB50H3 and PHLB55H3]
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC03H3    Topics in the Philosophy of Art

An exploration of some current issues concerning the various forms of art such as: the role of the museum, the loss of beauty and the death of art.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including PHLB03H3 and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: Arts, Literature & Language

PHLC05H3    Ethical Theory

Philosophers offer systematic theories of ethics: theories that simultaneously explain what ethics is, why it matters, and what it tells us to do. This course is a careful reading of classic philosophical texts by the major systematic thinkers in the Western tradition of ethics. Particular authors read may vary from instructor to instructor.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB02H3, PHLB05H3, PHLB06H3, PHLB07H3, (PHLB08H3), PHLB09H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy.
Exclusion: (PHLC01H3), PHL375H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC06H3    Topics in Ethical Theory

Philosophical ethics simultaneously aims to explain what ethics is, why it matters, and what it tells us to do. This is what is meant by the phrase 'ethical theory.' In this class we will explore specific topics in ethical theory in some depth. Specific topics may vary with the instructor.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB02H3, PHLB05H3, PHLB06H3, PHLB07H3, (PHLB08H3), PHLB09H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: (PHLC01H3), PHL375H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC09H3    Topics in Continental Philosophy

This course is a reading and discussion intensive course in 20th century German and French European Philosophy. Among the movements we shall study will be phenomenology, existentialism, and structuralism. We will look at the writings of Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, among others.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, and an additional 1.5 credits in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC13H3    Topics in Philosophy and Feminism

Feminist philosophy includes both criticism of predominant approaches to philosophy that may be exclusionary for women and others, and the development of new approaches to various areas of philosophy. One or more topics in feminist philosophy will be discussed in some depth. Particular topics will vary with the instructor.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB02H3, PHLB05H3, PHLB06H3, PHLB07H3, (PHLB08H3), PHLB09H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC20H3    Theory of Knowledge

A follow up to PHLB20H3. This course will consider one or two epistemological topics in depth, with an emphasis on class discussion.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: PHL332H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC22H3    Topics in Theory of Knowledge

This course addresses particular issues in the theory of knowledge in detail. Topics will vary from year to year but may typically include such topics as The Nature of Knowledge, Scepticism, Epistemic Justification, Rationality and Rational Belief Formation.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and an additional 1.0 credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: PHL332H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC32H3    Ancient Philosophy

This course focuses on the thought of Plato and Aristotle, with some attention to the pre-Socratics and Hellenistic thinkers, including ancient atomists and the Stoics. 

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [(PHLB16H3), PHLB17H3, PHLB31H3, PHLB33H3] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: (PHL300H), PHL303H, PHL304H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC35H3    Topics in Early Modern Philosophy: Rationalism

In this course we study the major figures of early modern rationalism, Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz, with a particular emphasis on topics such as substance, knowledge and sense perception, the mind-body problem, and the existence and nature of God.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [(PHLB16H3), PHLB31H3, PHLB33H3, PHLB35H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: PHL310H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC36H3    Topics in Early Modern Philosophy: Empiricism

In this course we study major figures of early modern empiricism, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, with a particular emphasis on topics such as substance, knowledge and sense perception, the mind-body problem, and the existence and nature of God.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [(PHLB16H3), PHLB31H3, PHLB33H3, PHLB35H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: PHL311H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC37H3    Kant

This course focuses on the thought of Immanuel Kant, making connections to some of Kant’s key predecessors such as Hume or Leibniz. The course will focus either on Kant’s metaphysics and epistemology, or his ethics, or his aesthetics.

Prerequisite: 1.5 full credits in Philosophy, including at least one course in the history of philosophy.
Exclusion: PHL314H
Recommended Preparation: PHLB33H3 or PHLB35H3 or (PHLB36H3)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC43H3    History of Analytic Philosophy

This course explores the foundation of Analytic Philosophy in the late 19th and early 20th century, concentrating on Frege, Russell, and Moore. Special attention paid to the discovery of mathematical logic, its motivations from and consequences for metaphysics and the philosophy of mind.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and one of [PHLB50H3, PHLC51H3, (PHLC54H3), MATC09H3] and 0.5 additional credits in Philosophy
Exclusion: PHL325H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC51H3    Symbolic Logic II

After consolidating the material from Symbolic Logic I, we will introduce necessary background for metalogic, the study of the properties of logical systems. We will introduce set theory, historically developed in parallel to logic. We conclude with some basic metatheory of the propositional logic learned in Symbolic Logic I.

Prerequisite: PHLB50H3 or CSCB36H3 or MATB24H3 or MATB43H3
Exclusion: MATC09H3, PHL345H
Breadth Requirement: Quantitative Reasoning

PHLC60H3    Metaphysics

A follow up to PHLB60H3. This course will consider one or two metaphysical topics in depth, with an emphasis on class discussion.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Exclusion: PHL331H, PHL332H (UTM only)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC72H3    Philosophy of Science

This course will consider one or two topics in the Philosophy of Science in depth, with an emphasis on class discussion.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC80H3    Philosophy of Language

An examination of philosophical issues about language. Philosophical questions to be covered include: what is the relation between mind and language, what is involved in linguistic communication, is language an innate biological feature of human beings, how do words manage to refer to things, and what is meaning.

Prerequisite: 5.0 credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy.
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC86H3    Issues in the Philosophy of Mind

Advance Issues in the Philosophy of Mind. For example, an examination of arguments for and against the idea that machines can be conscious, can think, or can feel. Topics may include: Turing's test of machine intelligence, the argument based on Gödel's theorem that there is an unbridgeable gulf between human minds and machine capabilities, Searle's Chinese Room thought experiment.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC89H3    Topics in Analytic Philosophy

Advanced topic(s) in Analytic Philosophy. Sample contemporary topics: realism/antirealism; truth; interrelations among metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind and of science.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC92H3    Political Philosophy

An examination of some central philosophical problems of contemporary political philosophy.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB02H3, PHLB05H3, PHLB06H3, PHLB07H3, (PHLB08H3), PHLB09H3, PHLB17H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC93H3    Topics in Political Philosophy

This course will examine some contemporary debates in recent political philosophy. Topics discussed may include the nature of justice, liberty and the criteria of good government, and problems of social coordination.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB02H3, PHLB05H3, PHLB06H3, PHLB07H3, (PHLB08H3), PHLB09H3, PHLB17H3, (PHLB36H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC95H3    Topics in the Philosophy of Mind

Advanced topics in the Philosophy of mind, such as an exploration of philosophical problems and theories of consciousness. Topics to be examined may include: the nature of consciousness and 'qualitative experience', the existence and nature of animal consciousness, the relation between consciousness and intentionality, as well as various philosophical theories of consciousness.

Prerequisite: 5.0 full credits, including one of [PHLB20H3, PHLB55H3, PHLB60H3, (PHLB70H3), (PHLB72H3), (PHLB80H3), PHLB81H3, (PHLB86H3)] and 1.0 additional credit in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLC99H3    Proseminar in Philosophy

This is an intensive seminar that will develop advanced philosophical skills by focusing on textual analysis, argumentative techniques, writing and oral presentation. The course also aims to foster a cohesive cohort among philosophy specialists and majors. Each year, the course will focus on a different topic drawn from the core areas of philosophy for its subject matter. This course is strongly recommended for Philosophy Specialists and Majors.

Prerequisite: 1.5 credits in Philosophy
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD05H3    Advanced Seminar in Ethics

This course offers an in-depth investigation into selected topics in moral philosophy.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, including 2 courses (1.0 credit) at the C-level, at least one of which must be PHLC05H3 or PHLC06H3.
Exclusion: PHL407H, PHL475H
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD20H3    Advanced Seminar in Theory of Knowledge

This courses addresses core issues in the theory of knowledge at an advanced level. Topics to be discussed may include The Nature of Knowledge, Scepticism, Epistemic Justification, Rationality and Rational Belief Formation.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, including [PHLC20H3 or PHLC22H3] and an additional 0.5 credit at the C-level
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD35H3    Advanced Seminar in Rationalism

This course offers in-depth examination of the philosophical approach offered by one of the three principal Rationalist philosophers, Descartes, Spinoza or Leibniz.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, including at least 2 courses (1.0 credit) at the C-level, one of which must be in the history of philosophy.
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD43H3    Advanced Seminar in History of Analytic Philosophy

This course examines Analytic Philosophy in the mid-20th century, concentrating on Wittgenstein, Ramsey, Carnap, and Quine. Special attention paid to the metaphysical foundations of logic, and the nature of linguistic meaning, including the relations between "truth-conditional" and "verificationist" theories.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, including 1.0 credit (2 courses) at the C-level, one of which must be PHLC43H3.
Exclusion: PHL325H, (PHLC44H3)
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD51H3    Metalogic

Symbolic Logic deals with formal languages: you work inside formal proof systems, and also consider the "semantics", dealing with truth, of formal languages. Instead of working inside formal systems, Metalogic treats systems themselves as objects of study, from the outside.

Prerequisite: PHLC51H3
Exclusion: PHL348H, (PHLC54H3)
Breadth Requirement: Quantitative Reasoning

PHLD78H3    Advanced Seminar in Political Philosophy

This advanced seminar will delve more deeply into an issue in political philosophy.  Topics will vary from year to year, but some examples include: distributive justice, human rights, and the political morality of freedom.  Students will be required to present material to the class at least once during the semester.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, including at least 1.0 credit at the C-level
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD79H3    Advanced Seminar in Metaphysics

This seminar addresses core issues in metaphysics. Topics to be discussed may include the nature of persons and personal identity, whether physicalism is true, what is the relation of mind to reality in general, the nature of animal minds and the question of whether machines can possess minds.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, at least 1.0 credit at the C-level.

PHLD87H3    Advanced Seminar in Philosophy of Mind

This course offers in-depth examination of selected contemporary theories and issues in philosophy of mind, such as theories of perception or of consciousness, and contemporary research examining whether minds must be embodied or embedded in a larger environment.

Prerequisite: 3.5 credits in Philosophy, including at least 2 half credit courses at the C-level, including PHLC95H3 or PHLC86H3.
Exclusion: PHL405H
Recommended Preparation: PHLC95H3
Breadth Requirement: History, Philosophy & Cultural Studies

PHLD90H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD91H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD92H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD93H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD94H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD95H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD96H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD97H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD98H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


PHLD99H3    Independent Study

These courses are intended for qualified students who wish to engage in advanced level work on a well-defined topic of their choice. These courses are only available with the prior arrangement of an instructor.


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