City Studies

Faculty List


  • J. Hannigan, B.A., M.A. (Western Ontario), Ph.D. (Ohio State), Professor
  • M.L. Kohn, B.A. (Williams College), M.A., Ph.D. (Cornell University), Professor
  • J. Miron, B.A. (Queen's), M.A. (Penn.), M.Sc. (pl.), Ph.D. (Toronto), Professor
  • A. Sorensen, B.F.A. (Nova Scotia College of Art and Design), M.Sc., Ph.D. (London), Professor
  • M. Buckley, B.Sc., M.E.S. (York), Ph.D. (Oxford), Assistant Professor
  • S.C. Bunce, B.A. (Guelph), M.E.S. Pl. (York), Ph.D. (York), Assistant Professor
  • D. Silver, B.A. (Berkeley), M.A., Ph.D. (Chicago), Assistant Professor
  • Z. Taylor, B.A. (McGill), M.A. (Dalhousie), MSc.Pl (Toronto), Ph.D (Toronto, expected 2014), RPP_MCIP, Assistant Professor 
  • A. Allahwala, B.A., M.A. (Free University, Berlin), Ph.D. (York), Lecturer

Associate Chair: Ahmed Allahwala
Program Advisor
: Benjamin Pottruff Email: cit-advisor@utsc.utoronto.ca

A pre-professional Major Program for students interested in career paths that may be city-related. Students acquire a combination of conceptual, methodological, and critical skills relevant in a variety of professional fields including city planning, real estate development, transportation, housing, community development, urban governance, and city management. The Major Program in City Studies is multidisciplinary: it is designed to give students the opportunity to see how they might apply ideas about cities from the social sciences and kindred disciplines in their field of professional interest. The Program also offers preparation for students interested in pursuing graduate education in a field of study related to cities.

Guidelines for 1st year course selection
Students intending to complete a program in City Studies should take at least 1.0 full credit from the courses listed in Requirement 1 of the Major Program in City Studies within their first 4.0 credits.

City Studies Programs

MAJOR PROGRAM IN CITY STUDIES (ARTS)

Guidelines for Major Program Completion
The City Studies curriculum has three areas of concentration: (1) City-Building, (2) Community Development and (3) City Governance.

Major students are welcome to take courses in more than one area of concentration and are encouraged to take at least three of the City Studies core courses, CITB02H3 Foundations of City Studies (required for all Major students in City Studies), CITB01H3 Canadian Cities and Planning, CITB03H3 Social Planning and Community Development, CITB04H3 City Politics, or CITB08H3 Economy of Cities. These core courses cover foundational concepts of the program and are considered essential preparation for upper level courses:

City Building

Community Development

City Governance

CITC03H3 Real Estate and the City

CITC04H3 Municipal and Planning Law in Ontario

CITC14H3 Environmental Planning

CITC18H3 Transportation Policy Analysis

CITC01H3 Urban Communities and Neighbourhoods Case Study

CITC02H3 Learning in Community Service

CITC07H3 Urban Social Policy

CITC08H3 Cities and Community Development

CITC12H3 City Structures and City Choices: Local Government, Management, and Policymaking

CITC15H3 Taxing and Spending: Public Finance in Canadian Cities

CITC16H3 Planning and Governing the Metropolis

CITC17H3 Civic Engagement in Urban Politics

Note: It is Department policy that students without the prerequisite will be removed from the course. Students should carefully check the prerequisites required for particular B-and C-level courses.

Note: That some upper-level courses (e.g. SOC and ECM) are part of limited enrolment programs, with first preference in these courses going to students enrolled in those programs.

Program Requirements
This program requires a total of 7.0 full credits.

  1. Introduction to Social Science Thought (1.0 full credit from among the following):
    ANTA01H3 Introduction to Anthropology: Becoming Human
    ANTA02H3 Introduction to Anthropology: Culture, Society and Language
    POLA01H3 Critical Issues in Politics I
    POLA02H3 Critical Issues in Politics II
    SOCA01H3 Introduction to Sociology I
    SOCA02H3 Introduction to Sociology II
    GGRA02H3 The Geography of Global Processes
    GGRA03H3 Cities and Environments
    [MGEA01H3/(ECMA01H3) Introduction to Microeconomics or MGEA02H3/(ECMA04H3) Introduction to Microeconomics: A Mathematical Approach]
    [MGEA05H3/(ECMA05H3) Introduction to Macroeconomics or MGEA06H3/(ECMA06H3) Introduction to Macroeconomics: A Mathematical Approach]

  2. Core courses (1.5 full credits including)
    CITB02H3 Foundations of City Studies
    and
    1.0 credits from among the following:
    CITB01H3 Canadian Cities and Planning
    CITB03H3 Social Planning and Community Development
    CITB04H3 City Politics
    CITB08H3 Economy of Cities

  3. Fundamentals of City Studies (at least 1.5 full credits from among the following):
    DTSB01H3 Introduction to Diaspora and Transnational Studies I
    DTSB02H3 Introduction to Diaspora and Transnational Studies II
    [EESA05H3 Environmental Hazards or EESA06H3 Introduction to Planet Earth]
    GGRB02H3 The Logic of Geographic Thought
    GGRB05H3 Urban Geography
    GGRB13H3 Social Geography
    GGRB28H3 Geographies of Disease
    POLB50Y3 Canadian Government and Politics
    SOCB44H3 Sociology of Cities and Urban Life
    WSTB12H3 Women, Violence and Resistance

  4. Methods  (1.0 full credit):
    STAB22H3 Statistics I or equivalent
    0.5 credit from the following:
       GGRA30H3 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Empirical Reasoning
       GGRB30H3 Fundamentals of GIS I
       GGRC31H3 Qualitative Geographical Methods: Place and Ethnography
      
  5. Applications (at least 2.0 full credits from among the following):
    CITC01H3 Urban Communities and Neighbourhoods Case Study: East Scarborough
    CITC02H3 Learning In Community Service
    CITC03H3 Real Estate and the City
    CITC04H3 Municipal and Planning Law in Ontario
    CITC07H3 Urban Social Policy
    CITC08H3 Cities and Community Development
    CITC10H3 Selected Issues in City Studies
    CITC12H3 City Structures and City Choices: Local Government, Management, and Policy Making
    CITC14H3 Environmental Planning
    CITC15H3 Taxing and Spending: Public Finance in Canadian Cities
    CITC16H3 Planning and Governing the Metropolis
    CITC17H3 Civic Engagement in Municipal Politics
    CITC18H3 Urban Transportation Policy Analysis
    CITC40H3 Megacities and Global Urbanization
    CITD01H3 City Issues and Strategies
    CITD10H3 Seminar in Selected Issues in City Studies
    CITD30H3 Supervised Research Project
    EESC21H3 Urban Environmental Problems of the Greater Toronto Area 
    GGRC02H3 Population Geography
    GGRC10H3 Urbanization and Development
    GGRC11H3 Current Topics in Urban Geography
    GGRC13H3 Urban Political Geography
    GGRC27H3 Location and Spatial Development
    GGRC33H3 The Toronto Region
    GGRC48H3 Geographies of Urban Poverty
    GGRD09H3 Feminist Geographies
    HISC58H3 Delhi and London: Imperial Cities, Mobile People
    POLC53H3 Canadian Environmental Policy 
    POLC66H3 Public Policy Making
    POLC67H3 Public Policy in Canada
    SOCC26H3 Sociology of Urban Cultural Policies
    SOCC27H3 Sociology of Suburbs and Suburbanization
    WSTC14H3 Women, Community, and Policy Change
    WSTC20H3 Women and Environments
MAJOR (CO-OPERATIVE) PROGRAM IN CITY STUDIES (ARTS)

Co-op Contact: askcoop@utsc.utoronto.ca

The Co-operative Program in City Studies is a work-study program that combines academic studies in various disciplines with work terms in the public, private, or non-profit sector. Students complete two works terms of four months each along with their academic programs. The program gives students the opportunity to develop a set of academic and professional skills to secure employment in the public sector, private enterprise, and non-profit organizations, or to continue to graduate training in an academic field related to cities.

The Co-operative Program in City Studies is designed to be completed in conjunction with a Major Program in one of the following disciplines and may only be taken as part of a twenty course honours B.A. degree:

  • Major Program in Anthropology
  • Major Program in Economics for Management
  • Major Program in Environmental Science
  • Major Program in History
  • Major Program in Human Geography
  • Major Program in Political Science
  • Major Program in Public Policy
  • Major Program in Sociology
  • Major Program in Studio
  • Major Program in Women's and Gender Studies

The Program is intended to complement the chosen academic discipline and to give students the opportunity to see how they might apply ideas from that discipline in their field of professional interest.

For information on admissions, fees, work terms and standing in the Program, please see the Co-operative Programs section of this Calendar.

Program Admission
Prospective Applicants: For direct admission from secondary school or for students who wish to transfer to UTSC from another U of T faculty or from another post-secondary institution, see the Co-operative Programs section in this Calendar.
Current U of T Scarborough students: Application procedures can be found at the Registrar's Office website: www.utsc.utoronto.ca/subjectpost. The minimum qualifications for entry are 4.0 credits including 1.0 from the courses listed in Requirement 1 of the Major Program in City Studies plus a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5.

Program Requirements
The Major (Co-operative) Program in City Studies combines academic studies in various disciplines with work terms in private enterprise, the public sector, or non-governmental organizations. It includes all of the requirements of the Major Program listed above. In addition, students must successfully complete the non-credit Arts & Science Co-op Work Term Preparation activities and two work terms.

Work Terms
Students must satisfactorily complete two work terms, each of four-months duration. To be eligible for the first work term, students must have completed at least 10 full credits, including 5 full credits as a U of T Scarborough student. These must include at least one full credit drawn from each of areas 1 (Introduction to Social Science Thought), 2 (Core Courses),  3 (Fundamentals of City Studies), and 4 (Methods). Students must also successfully complete Arts & Science Co-op Work Term Preparation Activities, which include multiple networking sessions, speaker panels and industry tours along with seminars covering resumes, cover letters, job interviews and work term expectations, prior to their first work term. Students are advised that being available for work terms during fall and winter may increase the variety of work available, and this in turn requires students to take courses during at least one summer session.

City Studies Courses


CITB01H3    Canadian Cities and Planning

After reviewing the history of urban and regional planning in Canada, this course considers alternative ideologies, models of public choice, the role of the planner, the instruments of planning, tools for the analysis of planning, and planning in the context of the space economy.
Prerequisite: Any 4.0 credits.
Exclusion: (GGRB06H3)
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITB02H3    Foundations of City Studies

A review of the major characteristics and interpretations of cities, urban processes and urban change as a foundation for the Program in City Studies. Ideas from disciplines including Anthropology, Economics, Geography, Planning, Political Science and Sociology, are examined as ways of understanding cities.
Prerequisite: Any 4.0 credits.
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITB03H3    Social Planning and Community Development

This course provides an overview of the history, theory, and politics of community development and social planning as an important dimension of contemporary urban development and change.
Prerequisite: Any 4.0 credits.
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITB04H3    City Politics

This course is the foundations course for the city governance concentration in the City Studies program, and provides an introduction to the study of urban politics with particular emphasis on different theoretical and methodological approaches to understanding urban decision-making, power, and conflict.
Prerequisite: Any 4.0 credits
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITB08H3    Economy of Cities

An introduction to economic analysis of cities, topics include: theories of urban economic growth; the economics of land use, urban structure, and zoning; the economics of environments, transportation, and sustainability; public finance, cost-benefit analysis, the provision of municipal goods and services, and the new institutional economics.
Prerequisite: Any 4.0 credits.
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC01H3    Urban Communities and Neighbourhoods Case Study: East Scarborough

This course engages students in a case study of some of the issues facing urban communities and neighbourhoods today. Students will develop both community-based and academic research skills by conducting research projects in co-operation with local residents and businesses, non-profit organizations, and government actors and agencies.
Prerequisite: [At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology] and permission of instructor
Enrolment Limits: 30
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC02H3    Learning in Community Service

This will be a service learning course based in Scarborough communities in which students learn about community issues first-hand by volunteering for community based organizations. Student evaluation will be based on completion of volunteer hours and grading of student journals that will: 1. Describe the service work, and 2. Reflect on the service work and relate it to lectures and required readings.
Prerequisite: CITB01H3 & CITB02H3 & permission of instructor
Recommended Preparation: CITC01H3
Enrolment Limits: 30


CITC03H3    Real Estate and the City

Operation of property markets; cities as markets in land and structures; stocks of property and flows of accommodation service; location of industry, offices and retailing within the city; rental and owner-occupied housing; depreciation and maintenance; cyclical behaviour in metropolitan property markets; impacts of local government; property taxation.
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Economics for Management Studies or Management
Exclusion: (GGRB10H3)
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC04H3    Municipal and Planning Law in Ontario

Constitutional authority, municipal corporations, official plans, zoning bylaws, land subdivision and consents, development control, deed restrictions and common interest developments, Ontario Municipal Board.
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC07H3    Urban Social Policy

In recent years social policy has been rediscovered as a key component of urban governance. This course examines the last half-century of evolving approaches to social policy and urban inequality, with particular emphasis on the Canadian urban experience. Major issues examined are poverty, social exclusion, labour market changes, housing, immigration and settlement.
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology
Exclusion: CITC10H3 if taken in the 2011 Winter session
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC08H3    Cities and Community Development

An examination of community development as the practice of citizens and community organizations to empower individuals and groups to improve the social and economic wellbeing of their communities and neighbourhoods. The course will consider different approaches to community development and critically discuss their potential for positive urban social change.
Prerequisite: [At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology] and permission of instructor
Enrolment Limits: 30
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC10H3    Selected Issues in City Studies

Examination of one or more current issues in cities. The specific issues will vary depending on the instructor.
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC12H3    City Structures and City Choices: Local Government, Management, and Policymaking

This course examines the structure of local government, how local Government is managed, how policy decisions are made. Viewing Canadian cities in comparative perspective, topics include the organization and authority of the mayor, council, civic bureaucracy, and special-purpose bodies, and their roles in the making and implementation of public policies; ethical and conflict-of-interest dilemmas; collective bargaining; and provincial oversight of municipal affairs.
Prerequisite: At least 1.0 credit at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Economics for Management Studies or Management or Political Science or Sociology
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC14H3    Environmental Planning

This course introduces students to questions of urban ecology and environmental planning, and examines how sustainability and environmental concerns can be integrated into urban planning processes and practices.
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Environmental Studies or Political Science or Sociology
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC15H3    Taxing and Spending: Public Finance in Canadian Cities

The course examines Canadian local public finance in comparative perspective and discusses the implications of municipal finance for urban public policy, planning, and the provision of municipal services. Topics include local government revenue sources and expenditures, the politics of municipal bugeting and intergovernmental fiscal relations, and how public finance influences urban form.
Prerequisite: At least 1.0 credit at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Economics for Management Studies or Management or Political Science or Sociology
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC16H3    Planning and Governing the Metropolis

Most of the world's population now lives in large urban regions. How such metropolitan areas should be planned and governed has been debated for over a century. Using examples, this course surveys and critically evaluates leading historical and contemporary perspectives on metropolitan planning and governance, and highlights the institutional and political challenges to regional coordination and policy development.
Prerequisite: At least 1.0 credit at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Management or Political Science or Sociology
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC17H3    Civic Engagement in Urban Politics

This course examines the engagement of citizen groups, neighbourhood associations, urban social movements, and other non-state actors in urban politics, planning, and governance. The course will discuss the contested and selective insertion of certain groups into city-regional decision-making processes and structures.
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC18H3    Urban Transportation Policy Analysis

Demand forecasting; methodology of policy analysis; impacts on land values, urban form and commuting; congestion; transit management; regulation and deregulation; environmental impacts and safety.
Prerequisite: [STAB22H3 or equivalent] and [at least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Economics for Management Studies or Management or Political Science]
Exclusion: GGR324H, (GGRC18H3)
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITC40H3    Megacities and Global Urbanization

The last 50 years have seen dramatic growth in the global share of population living in megacities over 10 million population, with most growth in the global south. Such giant cities present distinctive infrastructure, health, water supply, and governance challenges, which are increasingly central to global urban policy and health.
Same as GGRC40H3
Prerequisite: At least 1.5 credits at the B-level in ONE of the following: City Studies or Human Geography or Political Science or Sociology
Exclusion: GGRC40H3
Enrolment Limits: 60
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences


CITD01H3    City Issues and Strategies

This course is designed as a culminating City Studies course in which participants are able to showcase the application of their research skills, and share their professional and disciplinary interests in a common case study. Lectures and guests will introduce conceptual frameworks, core questions and conflicts. Students will be expected to actively participate in discussions and debates, and produce shared research resources. Each student will prepare a substantial research paper as a final project.
Prerequisite: 15.0 credits and completion of the following requirements from either the Major or Major Co-operative programs in City Studies: (2) Core Courses and (4) Methods
Enrolment Limits: 25


CITD10H3    Seminar in Selected Issues in City Studies

Designed primarily for final-year City Studies Majors, this research seminar is devoted to the analysis and discussion of current debates and affairs in City Studies using a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches. Specific content will vary from year to year. Seminar format with active student participation.
Prerequisite: 15.0 credits, including completion of the following requirements of the Major/Major Co-op programs in City Studies: (1) Introduction to Social Science Thought, (2) Core Courses, and (4) Methods
Enrolment Limits: 25
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences
NOTE: Priority will be given to students enrolled in the Major/Major Co-op programs in City Studies. Additional students will be admitted as space permits.


CITD30H3    Supervised Research Project

An independent studies course open only to students in the Major and Major Co-op programs in City Studies. An independent studies project will be carried out under the supervision of an individual faculty member.
Prerequisite: 15.0 credits, including completion of the following requirements of the Major/Major Co-op programs in City Studies: 1) Introduction to Social Science Thought, 2) Core Courses, 4) Methods; and a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5
Breadth Requirement: Social & Behavioural Sciences