The University of Toronto at Scarborough
ENGB02Y: English Literature: Historical Survey (Spring Term)
Instructor: Melba Cuddy-Keane
1740 opening of first circulating library in London 1750 Industrial Revolution "begins" (e.g. 1765 Watt's steam engine) 1789-1815 French Revolution 1792 the September Massacres 1793-94 the "Reign of Terror" (includes execution of King Louis XVI) 1811 George III declared insane 1811-1820 the Regency 1819 the Peterloo Massacre 1789-1832 Jeremy Bentham develops theory of Utilitarianism 1832 the first Reform Bill--extends vote to many middle class men 1830s development of the railways 1837 Coronation of Queen Victoria 1840s the Hungry 40s (Chartists) 1846 repeal of the Corn Laws 1840-60 e.g. of Gothic Revival (Houses of Parliament rebuilt in Gothic style) 1848 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Manifesto of the Communist Party (Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei) 1848 first Women's College in London 1851 the Great Exhibition (climax of the Industrial Revolution?) 1848-53 Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 1859 Darwin's Origin of Species 1867 second Reform Bill-extends vote to many working class men 1880 opening of Scientific College at Birmingham, endowed by Sir Josiah Mason 1870s-90s Whistler's Impressionism (see front cover) 1901 death of Queen Victoria 1890-1915 Frazer's The Golden Bough 1900 Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams 1910 first Post-Impressionist exhibition in England 1913 Stravinsky's Rite of Spring 1918 Einstein's Relativity: The Special and the General Theory 1918-22 Spengler's Decline of the West 1914-18 World War I 1918 Representation of the People Act-extends vote to most women over 30 1920 Women admitted to full degrees at Oxford 1939-45 World War II 1948 Women admitted to full degrees at Cambridge
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