William A. Gough

Climate Lab at UofT (CL@UT)

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Refereed Publications

Tam, B.Y., Gough, W.A. and T. Mohsin, 2014. The impact of urbanization on day to day temperature variation. Urban Climate (accepted).

Hewer, M.J. and W.A. Gough, 2014. Tourism Climatology for Camping: A Case Study of two Ontario Parks (Canada). Theoretical and Applied Climatology (published on-line).

Gough, W.A. and D. He, 2014. Diurnal temperature asymmetries and fog at Churchill, Manitoba. Theoretical and Applied Climatology (published on-line).

Tam, A., Gough, W.A. and C. Xie, 2014. A climate change impact assessment on permafrost potential along a north-to-south transect in Canada under projected climate warming scenarios from 2011 to 2100. International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses (accepted).

Huryn, S.M., and W.A. Gough, 2014. Impact of urbanization on the ozone weekday/weekend effect in Southern Ontario, Canada. Urban Climate (in press).

Gough, W.A., Tam, B.Y., Mohsin, T., and S.M.J. Allen, 2014. Extreme Cold Weather Alerts in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and the impact of a Changing Climate. Urban Climate (in press).

Allen, S.M.J., Gough, W.A. and T. Mohsin, 2014. Changes in the frequency of extreme temperatures records in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-014-1131-1.

Statham, S., Ford, J., Berrang-Ford, L., Gough, W., Siewierski, R., and Lardeau. M.P., 2014. Anomalous climatic conditions during winter 2010/11 and vulnerability of the traditional Inuit food system in Iqaluit, Nunavut. Polar Record.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0032247414000151.

Tam, B., and W.A. Gough, 2014. Psychological distress and seasonality among urban Aboriginal participants. Pimatisiwin - A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health 11: 457-469.

Tam, A., Gough, W.A., Kowal, S., and C. Xie, 2014. The fate of Hudson Bay Lowlands palsas in a changing climate. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 46(1): 116-123.

Mohsin, T. and W.A. Gough, 2014. Impact of climate change on the extremes of observed daily temperature data in the Greater Toronto Area. International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, 5(1): 11-33.

Cheng, V.Y.S., G.B. Arhonditsis, D.M. L. Sills, H. Auld, M. W. Shephard, W. A. Gough, and J. Klassen, 2013. Probability of tornado occurrence across Canada. Journal of Climate, 26(23): 9415-9426.

Tam, B.Y., Gough, W.A., Edwards V., and L.J.S. Tsuji, 2013. The impact of climate change on the lifestyle and well-being of a First Nation community in the western James Bay region. The Canadian Geographer, 57(4): 441-456.

Jien, J. and W.A. Gough, 2013. Influences of Atlantic Hurricanes on Southern Ontario precipitation. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI 10.1007/s00704-012-0824-6.

Ford, J.D., McDowell, G., Shirley, J., Pitre, M., Siewierski, R., Gough, W.A., Duerden, F., Pearce, T., Adams, and S. Statham, 2013. The dynamic multi-scale nature of climate change vulnerability: An Inuit harvesting example. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, DOI:10.1080/00045608.2013.776880

Xie, C., Gough, W.A., Tam, A. and T. Wu, 2013. Features and developmental environment of the permafrost on Mahan Mountains, Chinese Loess Plateau. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1776.

Xie, C. and W.A. Gough, 2013. A simple thaw-freeze algorithm for multilayered soil using the Stefan equation. Permafrost Periglacial Processes, DOI 10.1002/ppp.1770.

Tam, B.Y., Gough, W.A., Edwards V., and L.J.S. Tsuji, 2013. Seasonal and weather-related behavioral effects among urban Aboriginal participants, urban non-Aboriginal participants and rural Aboriginal participants. Population and Environment, DOI 10.1007/s11111-012-0183-3.

Barbeau, C., Hori, Y., Gough, W.A., Karagatzides, J.D., McCarthy, D.D., Cowan, D, and L.J.S. Tsuji, 2013. The Potential Use of an Interactive Web-Based Informatics Tool to Decrease the Incidence of Human-Polar Bear Encounters Along the Western James Bay Coast of Ontario, Canada International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 8(5): 113-127.

Tam, B. and W.A. Gough, 2012. Examining Past Temperature Variability in Moosonee, Thunder Bay and Toronto, Ontario, Canada through a Day-to-Day Variability Framework. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 110:103-113.

Hori Y., Tam B., Gough W.A., Ho-Foong E., Karagatzides J.D., Liberda E.N., and Tsuji L.J.S., 2012. Use of Traditional Environmental Knowledge to Assess the Impact of Climate Change on Subsistence Fishing in the James Bay Region of Northern Ontario, Canada. Rural and Remote Health, 12:1878 (online).

Chambellant, M., Stirling, I., Gough, W.A., and S. H. Ferguson, 2012. Temporal variation in Hudson Bay ringed seal (Phoca hispida) life-history parameters in relation to environment. Journal of Mammology, 93(1): 267-281.

Mohsin, T. and W.A. Gough, 2012. Characterization and estimation of Urban Heat Island at Toronto: impact of the choice of rural sites. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 108(1-2): 105-117.

Tam, B., Gough, W.A. and L.J.S. Tsuji, 2011. The impact of warming on the appearance of furunculosis in fish of the James Bay Region, Quebec, Canada. Regional Environmental Change 11(1): 123-132.

Mohsin, T. and W.A. Gough, 2010.Trend analysis of long-term temperature time series in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 101(3): 311-327.

Laidler, G.J., Ford, J., Gough, W.A., Ikummaq, T., Gagnon, A.S,  and S. Kowal, 2009. Travelling and hunting in a changing Arctic: Assessing Inuit vulnerability to sea ice change in Igloolik, Nunavut. Climatic Change, 94: 363-397.

Ford, J., Gough, W.A. and Laidler, G.J., 2009. Inuit and scientific descriptions of sea ice extremes in northern Foxe Basin, Canada, and its implications for resource harvesting: The case of 2006. Climate Research, 38: 137-154.

Ralph, T. and W.A. Gough, 2009. The Influence of Sea Surface Temperatures on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 95: 257-264.

Stirling, I., Derocher, A., Gough, W.A., Rode, K., 2008. Response to Dyck et al. (2007) on polar bears and climate change in western Hudson Bay. Ecological Complexity 5: 193-201.

Gough, W.A., 2008. Theoretical considerations of day-to-day temperature variability applied to Toronto and Calgary, Canada data. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 94: 97-105.

Steenhof, P.A. and W.A. Gough, 2008. The impact of tropical sea surface temperatures on various measures of Atlantic tropical cyclone activity. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 92: 249-255.

Ho, E., Tsuji, L.J.S., and W.A. Gough, 2005. Trends in river-ice break-up data for the Western James Bay region of Canada. Polar Geography 29(4): 291-299.

Gagnon, A.S. and W.A. Gough, 2006. East/West Asymmetry in Ice Thickness Trends over Hudson Bay, Canada, Climate Research, 32: 177-186.

Wu, Y., Gough, W.A., Jiang, T. and H.-T. Kung, 2006. The variation of floods in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and its teleconnections with El Nino events. Advances in Geosciences, 6: 201-206.

Ho, E. and W.A. Gough, 2006. Freeze thaw cycles in Toronto, Canada, in a changing climate. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 83: 203-210.

Gough, W.A., Hosseinian, R., and C. Robinson, 2005. The influence of James Bay river discharge on Churchill, Manitoba sea level. Polar Geography 29(3): 213-223.

Gough, W.A., 2005. The water levels of the Great Lakes of North America. Chang'an University Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment, 27(4): 8-13. (invited paper).

Gough, W.A. and C. Houser, 2005. Climate memory and long range forecasting of sea ice conditions in Hudson Strait. Polar Geography 29(1): 17-26.

Gagnon, A.S. and W.A. Gough, 2005a. Climate change scenarios for the Hudson Bay region: An intermodel comparison. Climatic Change 69: 269-297.

Gough, W.A. 2005. Geophysical inertia and implications for long range forecasting in Hudson Bay, Canada. Journal of Central China Normal University (Natural Sciences) 39(1): 131-135 (invited paper).

Gough, W.A., Cornwell, A.R., and L.J.S. Tsuji, 2004. Trends in seasonal sea ice duration in southwestern Hudson Bay. Arctic, 57: 299-305.

R. Jayasinghe, L.J.S. Tsuji, W.A. Gough, J.D. Karagatzides, D. Perera, and E. Nieboer, 2004. Determining the background levels of bismuth in tissues of wild game birds: a first step in addressing the environmental consequences of using bismuth shotshells.  Environmental Pollution, 132(1): 13-20.

Gough, W.A., 2004. Hydrological research in Hudson Bay, Canada. Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment. (Chang’an University, Xian, China) 26(4): 41-45 (English, invited paper)

Carlson, J., Gough, W., Karagatzides, J. and L. Tsuji, 2003. Canopy interception of acid deposition in Southern, Ontario, Canada , Canadian Field Naturalist, 117(4):  523-530.

Laidler, G.J. and W.A. Gough, 2003. Climate variability and climate change: potential implications for Hudson Bay coastal communities. Polar Geography, 27: 38-58.

Houser, C. and W.A. Gough, 2003. Variations in Sea Ice in the Hudson Strait: 1971-1999. Polar Geography, 27: 1-14.

Wu, Y., Gough, W.A., Jiang, T.,Wang , X, Jin, W., 2003. The trend and fluctuation of historical floods in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. J. Wuhan University of Natural Sciences, 8 (1A): 91-94 (English)

Wang, Xue-lei, Gough, William A., Wu, Yi-jin, 2002. Estimating the storage capacity of a typical region in  the Jianghan Plain. J. Wuhan Univ. (Nat. Sci. Ed.), 48(4): 461-465 (in Chinese)

Gough, W.A. and A. Leung, 2002. Hudson Bay permafrost, recent climate model results. Regional Environmental Change, 2: 177-184.

Gagnon, A.S. and W. A. Gough, 2002. Hydro-climatic trends in the Hudson Bay region, Canada. Canadian Journal of Water Resources, 27: 245-262.

Gough, W.A.,  Lillyman, C.D., Karagatzides, J.D. and L.J.S. Tsuji, 2002. Determining the validity of using summer monitoring to estimate annual deposition of acidic pollutants in Southern Ontario, Canada.  Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 137: 305-316.

Beaney, G. and W.A. Gough, 2002. The influence of tropospheric ozone on the air temperature of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Atmospheric Environment, 36 (14): 2319-2325.

Gough, W.A. and E. Wolfe, 2001. Climate warming scenarios for Hudson Bay, Canada from a general circulation model.   Arctic, 54: 142-148.

Kumar, A.J., Gough, W.A., Karagatzides, J.D., Bolton, K.A. and L.J.S.Tsuji, 2001. Testing the validity of a critical sulfur and nitrogen load model in southern Ontario, Canada using soil chemistry data from MARYP, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 69: 221-230.

Gough, W.A., 2001. Model tuning and its impact on climate change response in Hudson Bay, a case study. The Canadian Geographer, 45: 300-305.

Gough, W.A., and M. Lozinova,  2001. Ocean heat transport and a climate paradox. Atmosphere-Ocean, 39: 15 - 21.

Hosseinian, R. and W.A. Gough, 2000. Stratospheric ozone trends and mechanisms over Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Great Lakes Geographer, 7: 55-65.

Gough, W.A.  and C. Robinson, 2000. Tide gauge data and sea level variation in Hudson Bay, Canada Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 32: 331-335.

Gough, W.A. and T. Allakhverdova, 1999. Limitations of using a coarse resolution model to assess climate change induced sea-ice variability in Hudson Bay. The Canadian Geographer, 43: 415-422.

Gough, W.A., 1998. Sea level change in Hudson and James Bays, Canada due to global warming. Arctic and Alpine Research, 30: 84-88.

Gough, W.A. and T. Allakhverdova, 1998. Sensitivity of a coarse resolution ocean general circulation model under climate change forcing. Tellus, 50A: 124-133.

Gough, W.A., 1997. Isopycnal mixing and convective adjustment in an ocean general circulation model. Atmos.-Ocean, 34: 495-511.

Gough, W.A. and C. Lin, 1995. Isopycnal mixing and the Veronis effect in an ocean general circulation model. J. Mar. Res., 53: 189-199.

Gough, W.A. and W. J. Welch, 1994. Parameter space of the isopycnal version of the Bryan-Cox ocean general circulation model. J. Mar. Res., 52: 773-796.

Gough, W.A. and C. Lin, 1992. The response of an ocean general circulation model to long time scale surface temperature anomalies. Atmosphere-Ocean, 30: 653-673.

Lin, C. and W.A. Gough, 1990. Tracer distributions in ocean models with lateral and isopycnal diffusion. J. Mar. Syst., 1: 209-216.

Gough, W.A. and C. Lin, 1987. Distribution of blocks in data from the Canadian Climate Centre general circulation model. Clim. Bullet., 21(3): 3-15.

Non-Refereed Publications

Gough, W.A. and T. Mohsin, 2006. Climatlogical perspective on the Peterborough flood, CMOS Bulletin, 34: 39-42.

Basiji, A, and  W. Gough, 2002. Climate variability and spring wheat yield for the Canadian Prairies Region. Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Bulletin, 30: 3-8.

Gough, W.A., 2002. Hudson Bay polar bears and climate change. Proceedings of CAGONT 2000: 36-40.

Gough, W.A. and C. Robinson, 2002. Recent and current Great Lakes water levels. Proceedings of CAGONT 2000: 136-144.

Carlson, J., Gough, W.A., and J.D. Karagatzides, 2002. Canopy interception of acid deposition. Proceedings of CAGONT 2000: 116-127.

Lillyman, C.D. and W. A. Gough, 2002. Weekday/weekend variation in PM10. Proceedings of CAGONT 2000: 128-135.

Steenhof, P., Gough, W.A. and I. Burton, 2002. Communication of Changing Climatic Extremes in the  Climate Science and Insurance Communities. Proceedings of CAGONT 2000: 45-54.

Lau, H.P., Smith, J.V., and W.A. Gough, 2002. ENSO, crop yields and the Prairie economy. Proceedings of CAGONT 2000: 13-23.

Gagnon, A.S. and W.A. Gough, 2001. Intermodel comparison of the Hudson Bay region, Canada. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Global Warming and the Next Ice Age. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, p.182-185.

Gough, W.A. and Y. Rozanov, 2001. Aspects of Toronto's climate: heat island and lake breeze.  Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Bulletin, 29: 67-71.

Gough, W., 2000. Climate perspective on Toronto's blizzard of 1999. CMOS Bulletin, 28: 17.

Kumar, A., Gough, W. and D. Yap, 1999. Weekend/weekday effect for tropospheric ozone events in Ontario, Canada. CMOS Bulletin, 27: 3-7.

Gough, W., 1998. Upscaling oceanographic data for use in coarse resolution ocean general circulation models. Elements of Change, 1997. Proceedings of Aspen Global Change Institute summer session workshop. Aspen Global Change Institute, 52-56.

Gough, W., Allakhverdova, T., and R. Sayed, 1997. Sea-level variation in Hudson Bay due to climate change. CMOS Bulletin, 25: 159-163.

Gough, W. and W. Welch, 1997. Sensitivity of Veronis effect to input parameters of an ocean general circulation model. Ocean Modelling, 115: 3-14.

Gough, W., 1997. Numerical diffusion in an isopycnal ocean general circulation model. Ocean Modelling, 114: 1-4.

Gough, W. and W. Welch, 1997. Efficient design strategy for numerical ocean modelling. CMOS Bulletin, 25: 95-102.

Gough, W., 1996. Sea level change in Hudson Bay. Proceedings of CAGONT'96 meeting. Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, 281 - 291.

Law, S. and W. Gough, 1996. Validation of 1995 Monitoring Acid Rain Youth Program data. Proceedings of CAGONT'96 meeting. Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, 293 - 304.

Gough, W., 1991. Parameterizing convection using isopycnal mixing. C2GCR Quarterly, 2(4): 6-8, McGill University.